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Understanding the mobilisation of a nitrification inhibitor from novel slow release pellets, fabricated through extrusion processing with PHBV biopolymer

Levett, I., Pratt, S., Donose, B. C., Brackin, R., Pratt, C., Redding, M. R. and Laycock, B. (2019) Understanding the mobilisation of a nitrification inhibitor from novel slow release pellets, fabricated through extrusion processing with PHBV biopolymer. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 67 (9). pp. 2449-2458. ISSN 0021-8561

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.8b05709

Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.8b05709

Abstract

Dicyandiamide (DCD) has been studied as a stabiliser for nitrogen fertilisers for over 50 years. Its efficacy is limited at elevated temperatures but this could be addressed by encapsulation to delay exposure. Here, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) was investigated as a biodegradable matrix for the encapsulation of DCD. Cylindrical ~3 mm by 3 mm pellets were fabricated through extrusion processing with 23 wt% DCD. Release kinetics were monitored in water, sand and both active and γ irradiated agricultural clay loam soils. Raman maps showed a wide particle size distribution of DCD crystals and indicated that Hitachi’s classic moving front theory did not hold for this formulation. The inhibitor release kinetics were mediated by four distinct mechanisms: i) initial rapid dissolution of surface DCD ii) channelling of water through voids and pores in the PHBV matrix iii) gradual diffusion of water and DCD through layers of PHBV iv) biodegradation of the PHBV matrix After ~6 months, 45-100% release occurred, depending on the release media. PHBV is shown to be an effective, biodegradable matrix for the long-term slow release of nitrification inhibitors.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:Biodegradable polymers, Nitrification inhibitors, Polyhydroxyalkanoates, Slow release
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Fertilisers
Deposited On:07 Mar 2019 04:59
Last Modified:07 Mar 2019 04:59

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