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Potential of Co-Fumigation with Phosphine (PH3) and Sulfuryl Fluoride (SO2F2) for the Management of Strongly Phosphine-Resistant Insect Pests of Stored Grain

Jagadeesan, R., Singarayan, V. T., Chandra, K., Ebert, P. R. and Nayak, M. K. (2018) Potential of Co-Fumigation with Phosphine (PH3) and Sulfuryl Fluoride (SO2F2) for the Management of Strongly Phosphine-Resistant Insect Pests of Stored Grain. Journal of Economic Entomology, 111 (6). pp. 2956-2965. ISSN 0022-0493

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Article Link(s): http://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toy269

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Abstract

Resistance to phosphine (PH3) in key insect pests of stored grain is increasing, with a requirement for maintaining a dose as high as 1 mg l−1 for 14 d for effective fumigation, which is difficult to achieve under most commercial storage conditions. There is no suitable replacement for PH3, as most of the available alternatives suffer from specific weaknesses, creating an urgent need to increase the efficacy of this fumigant. One such possibility is co-fumigation of PH3 with another fumigant, sulfuryl fluoride (SO2F2—SF), with the goal of decreasing the time required for a successful fumigation. In this study, adult of two PH3-resistant strains in each of four key grain insect pests, Rhyzopertha dominica, (F.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), and Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Stephens) (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae) were fumigated with PH3 and SF individually as well as in combinations at 25°C over 48 h. Mortality responses in each species were subjected to probit analysis to determine the LC50 and LC99.9 of PH3, SF, and PH3 + SF. Co-fumigation of PH3 with SF resulted in a 50% reduction of the PH3 concentration required to achieve 99.9% mortality in two pest species. For example, the PH3 + SF mixture, reduced the amount of PH3 required from 14.2–14.5 to 5.6–6.36 mg l−1 and from 2.71–5.03 to 0.93–1.2 mg l−1, respectively, for C. ferrugineus and S. oryzae. The overall mortality response to the PH3 + SF mixture followed an “additive model” suggesting that mutual enhancement in toxicity can be achieved with this mixture specifically to control PH3-resistant insects.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Storage
Plant pests and diseases > Economic entomology
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection > Pesticides
Deposited On:05 Mar 2019 02:16
Last Modified:05 Mar 2019 02:16

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