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Microevolution of Streptococcus agalactiae ST-261 from Australia indicates dissemination via imported tilapia and ongoing adaptation to marine hosts or environment

Kawasaki, M., Delamare-Deboutteville, J., Bowater, R. O., Walker, M. J., Beatson, S., Ben Zakour, N. L. and Barnes, A. C. (2018) Microevolution of Streptococcus agalactiae ST-261 from Australia indicates dissemination via imported tilapia and ongoing adaptation to marine hosts or environment. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 84 (16), e00859-18. ISSN 00992240 (ISSN)

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Article Link(s): http://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.000859-18

Abstract

Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus [GBS]) causes disease in a wide range of animals. The serotype Ib lineage is highly adapted to aquatic hosts, exhibiting substantial genome reduction compared with terrestrial conspecifics. Here, we sequence genomes from 40 GBS isolates, including 25 isolates from wild fish and captive stingrays in Australia, six local veterinary or human clinical isolates, and nine isolates from farmed tilapia in Honduras, and compared them with 42 genomes from public databases. Phylogenetic analysis based on nonrecombinant coregenome single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) indicated that aquatic serotype Ib isolates from Queensland were distantly related to local veterinary and human clinical isolates. In contrast, Australian aquatic isolates are most closely related to a tilapia isolate from Israel, differing by only 63 core-genome SNPs. A consensus minimum spanning tree based on core-genome SNPs indicates the dissemination of sequence type 261 (ST-261) from an ancestral tilapia strain, which is congruent with several introductions of tilapia into Australia from Israel during the 1970s and 1980s. Pangenome analysis identified 1,440 genes as core, with the majority being dispensable or strain specific, with non-protein-coding intergenic regions (IGRs) divided among core and strain-specific genes. Aquatic serotype Ib strains have lost many virulence factors during adaptation, but six adhesins were well conserved across the aquatic isolates and might be critical for virulence in fish and for targets in vaccine development. The close relationship among recent ST-261 isolates from Ghana, the United States, and China with the Israeli tilapia isolate from 1988 implicates the global trade in tilapia seed for aquaculture in the widespread dissemination of serotype Ib fish-adapted GBS. © 2018 American Society for Microbiology.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Aquaculture Epidemiology Evolution Fish Genome analysis Streptococcus agalactiae Group B Streptococcus Minimum spanning trees Phylogenetic analysis Single nucleotide polymorphisms Vaccine development Genes Animalia Dasyatidae Streptococcus sp. 'group B' Tilapia
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Animals > Impact assessment
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agriculture and the environment
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary microbiology
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Aquaculture
Deposited On:15 Jan 2019 22:53
Last Modified:15 Jan 2019 22:53

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