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Pathogenicity of Phyllosticta citricarpa ascospores on Citrus spp

Tran, N. T., Miles, A. K., Smith, M. W., Dietzgen, R. G. and Drenth, A. (2018) Pathogenicity of Phyllosticta citricarpa ascospores on Citrus spp. Plant Disease, 107 (7). pp. 1386-1393. ISSN 0191-2917

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-08-17-1331-RE

Publisher URL: https://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/full/10.1094/PDIS-08-17-1331-RE

Abstract

Citrus black spot, caused by Phyllosticta citricarpa, is one of the most important fungal diseases in many citrus growing regions with hot and humid summers. Ascospores and conidia are known to contribute to epidemic development of the disease. However, pathogenicity testing has never been done for pure ascospores produced from fully characterized P. citricarpa isolates, due to the inability to induce the sexual state in vitro. Recently, an in vitro mating technique was developed to readily produce pure P. citricarpa ascospores for use in host inoculation studies. To test the pathogenicity of P. citricarpa ascospores, we inoculated ‘Troyer’ citrange leaves and ‘Murcott’ tangor fruit with ascospores produced in vitro from characterized P. citricarpa isolates. Typical symptoms of citrus black spot occurred. Recovery of P. citricarpa isolates from symptomatic lesions, and their characterization using genetic markers enabled us to identify recombinant genotypes among the isolates recovered from ascospore inoculations, and as such fulfill Koch’s postulates for ascospores. We have also identified ‘Troyer’ citrange seedlings as a potential model system for citrus black spot inoculation studies, as it allows typical symptoms of citrus black spot to be expressed with a much shorter latent period than on fruit. This will facilitate future studies of epidemiological aspects of P. citricarpa ascospores relative to conidia and improve our understanding of the citrus black spot pathosystem. The susceptibility of ‘Troyer’ citrange seedlings will also facilitate experimenting with disease management methods, aimed at reducing the impact of citrus black spot.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Plant culture > Food crops
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Plant pests and diseases
Deposited On:05 Dec 2018 03:21
Last Modified:05 Dec 2018 03:21

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