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The current status of biological control of weeds in southern China and future options

Shen, S., Day, M. D., Xu, G., Li, D., Jin, G., Yin, X., Yang, Y., Liu, S., Zhang, Q., Gao, R., Zhang, F. and Winston, R. L. (2018) The current status of biological control of weeds in southern China and future options. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 38 (2). pp. 157-164. ISSN 1872-2032

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chnaes.2018.01.003

Publisher URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1872203217302007

Abstract

China has become one of the countries most seriously affected by invasive alien weeds in the world. Weeds impact agriculture, the environment and human health, and conventional control methods such as herbicides are expensive, damaging to human health and unsustainable. As the impacts and costs of weed control in China increase, there is an urgent need to manage some of the more important weeds through more sustainable methods. Classical biological control of invasive alien weeds is environmentally-friendly and sustainable. Biological control in China began in the 1930s with the introduction of two agents into Hong Kong for the control of Lantana camara. Since then, a further seven biological control agents have been introduced into China to control four weed species. In addition, 11 biological control agents targeting seven weed species have naturally spread into China. Together, these biological control agents are helping to control some of China's worst weeds. However, these efforts are only a small portion of the weeds that could be targeted for weed biological control. This paper reviews the current status of weed biological control efforts against introduced weeds in ten provinces and regions in southern China and provides a platform to identify the most effective and appropriate weed biological control opportunities and programmes to pursue in the future. Introducing additional safe and effective biological control agents into China to help manage some of the worst weeds in the region should reduce the use of herbicides and impacts on human health and the environment, while increasing productivity and food security.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Biocontrol agents Weeds Southern China Biocontrol options
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Biological control
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Deposited On:14 Aug 2018 02:42
Last Modified:14 Aug 2018 02:42

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