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Media pH and media type can significantly affect the reliability of in vitro copper-tolerance assessments of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato

Griffin, K., Brown, P. and Gambley, C. (2018) Media pH and media type can significantly affect the reliability of in vitro copper-tolerance assessments of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato. Journal of applied microbiology, 125 (1). pp. 216-226. ISSN 1364-5072

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.13753

Publisher URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jam.13753

Abstract

AIMS: There are inconsistencies with in vitro copper-tolerance screening methodology for Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato in the current literature, particularly in relation to the appropriate medium to use, copper-tolerance thresholds and reporting medium pH and/or pH adjustment steps. This study investigates the effect of medium and pH on copper-tolerance results, including the potential use of 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid (MES) buffer to stabilise media pH. METHODS AND RESULTS: Copper-tolerance methodology was investigated through in vitro and in vivo testing of P. syringae pv. tomato. Four different media were tested, Nutrient Agar (NA), Casitone Yeast Extract Glycerol Agar (CYEG), King's B medium (KB) and Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA). Highly variable copper-tolerance profiles were observed for different isolates on the media tested. A pH range of 5.8-7.0 produced consistent copper-tolerance data; outside of this range the data was unreliable. Addition of MES to media, buffered the pH to within the acceptable levels. CONCLUSIONS: Copper-tolerance thresholds with different media can vary significantly and the lowering effect of copper sulfate on media pH must be considered in media preparation. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF STUDY: Methodology presented in the study can be extrapolated to copper-tolerance testing for other pathogenic plant bacteria, particularly other pseudomonads. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Agriculture Antimicrobials Plant Diseases Pseudomonads Resistance
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Plant pests and diseases
Deposited On:20 Nov 2018 01:58
Last Modified:20 Nov 2018 01:58

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