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Investigating successive Australian barley breeding populations for stable resistance to leaf rust

Ziems, L. A., Franckowiak, J. D., Platz, G. J., Mace, E. S., Park, R. F., Singh, D., Jordan, D. R. and Hickey, L. T. (2017) Investigating successive Australian barley breeding populations for stable resistance to leaf rust. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 130 (11). pp. 2463-2477. ISSN 1432-2242

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-017-2970-9

Abstract

Key message
Genome-wide association studies of barley breeding populations identified candidate minor genes for pairing with the adult plant resistance geneRph20to provide stable leaf rust resistance across environments.

Abstract
Stable resistance to barley leaf rust (BLR, caused by Puccinia hordei) was evaluated across environments in barley breeding populations (BPs). To identify genomic regions that can be combined with Rph20 to improve adult plant resistance (APR), two BPs genotyped with the Diversity Arrays Technology genotyping-by-sequencing platform (DArT-seq) were examined for reaction to BLR at both seedling and adult growth stages in Australian environments. An integrated consensus map comprising both first- and second-generation DArT platforms was used to integrate QTL information across two additional BPs, providing a total of four interrelated BPs and 15 phenotypic data sets. This enabled identification of key loci underpinning BLR resistance. The APR gene Rph20 was the only active resistance region consistently detected across BPs. Of the QTL identified, RphQ27 on chromosome 6HL was considered the best candidate for pairing with Rph20. RphQ27 did not align or share proximity with known genes and was detected in three of the four BPs. The combination of RphQ27 and Rph20 was of low frequency in the breeding material; however, strong resistance responses were observed for the lines carrying this pairing. This suggests that the candidate minor gene RphQ27 can interact additively with Rph20 to provide stable resistance to BLR across diverse environments.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Genome-wide association studies Hordeum vulgare Puccinia hordei Otth Adult plant resistance Partial resistance Rph20
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Field crops > Barley
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Deposited On:10 Jan 2018 01:26
Last Modified:10 Jan 2018 01:26

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