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Vavilov wheat accessions provide useful sources of resistance to tan spot (syn. yellow spot) of wheat

Dinglasan, E. G., Godwin, I. D., Phan, H. T. T., Tan, K. C., Platz, G. J. and Hickey, L. T. (2017) Vavilov wheat accessions provide useful sources of resistance to tan spot (syn. yellow spot) of wheat. Plant Pathology, 67 (5). pp. 1076-1087. ISSN 1365-3059

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Article Link(s): http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ppa.128...

Abstract

Host genetic resistance is the most effective and sustainable means of managing tan spot or yellow spot of wheat. The disease is becoming increasingly problematic due to the adoption of minimum tillage practices, evolution of effector-mediated pathogenicity, and widespread cultivation of susceptible cultivars from a narrow genetic base. This highlights the importance of broadening the diversity of resistance factors in modern breeding germplasm. We explored 300 genetically diverse wheat accessions, originally sourced from the N. I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (VIR), St. Petersburg, Russia. The collection was screened for resistance to tan spot at seedling and adult stage under controlled conditions, and in the field across two years. The phenotypic datasets, coupled with ToxA bioassay screening, identified a number of accessions with useful sources of resistance. Seedling disease response corresponded well with ToxA sensitivity (r = 0.49, P < 0.000), but not adult responses (r = -0.02–0.19, P < 0.002), and overall reactions to ToxA appeared to show poor correspondence with disease response at the adult stage. ToxA-insensitive accessions were generally found resistant across different growth stages (all-stage resistant, ASR) in all experiments (seedling and adult stage under controlled conditions and field). ToxA-sensitive accessions and susceptible at seedling stage, but resistant at both adult-plant stages, were deemed to carry adult-plant resistance (APR). We provide detailed information on the degree of tan spot resistance in the Vavilov wheat collection and discuss strategies to harness these sources to boost the diversity of resistance factors in modern wheat breeding germplasm. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Genetic resistance Vavilov collection Germplasm tan spot wheat
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant pests and diseases > Individual or types of plants or trees > Wheat
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Deposited On:12 Jan 2018 00:28
Last Modified:13 Aug 2018 05:09

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