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Flight of three major insect pests of stored grain in the monsoonal tropics of India, by latitude, season and habitat

Rajan, T. Sonai and Muralitharan, V. and Daglish, G. J. and Mohankumar, S. and Rafter, M. A. and Chandrasekaran, S. and Mohan, S. and Vimal, D. and Srivastava, Chitra and Loganathan, M. and Walter, G. H. (2018) Flight of three major insect pests of stored grain in the monsoonal tropics of India, by latitude, season and habitat. Journal of Stored Products Research, 76 . pp. 43-50. ISSN 0022-474X

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2017.12.005

Publisher URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022474X17303387

Abstract

The timing, extent and landscape coverage of the flight of stored product insect pests could influence their ecology differentially across climatic zones. We therefore assessed the seasonal flight patterns of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) monthly, for 18 months, in three habitats (around bulk grain storage, in cropping habitats, and in mixed orchard habitats) in southern India (Coimbatore and Thanjavur) and northern India (New Delhi) using pheromone traps. We tested for species-specificity in their seasonal flight patterns as well as regional variation. Vastly more beetles were trapped near bulk grain storages than in cropping and orchard habitats. In both southern and northern India, T. castaneum was most numerous, with numbers much higher in southern India. Rhyzopertha dominica was more commonly trapped in New Delhi, a wheat producing region, than in the rice producing south. The numbers of T. castaneum trapped across time and geographical location varied significantly, with peak flight activity during the post-monsoon period (October). By contrast, R. dominica in New Delhi peaked once during summer (May) around bulk storage but tended to be more consistent (but far less numerous) in habitats away from storage. Only a few S. oryzae were caught in pheromone traps. The mean trap catches of T. castaneum in Thanjavur and New Delhi showed significant positive correlations with minimum temperatures, whereas those of R. dominica in New Delhi were significantly correlated with maximum temperatures. The patterns recorded are consistent with results recorded on other continents, but temperature thresholds for flight need to be examined in this context. A major difference was that beetles, especially T. castaneum, were captured far less frequently in traps away from storage in India than in Australia, a pattern that needs to be confirmed before a biological basis for it is sought.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Seasonal flight pattern Tribolium castaneum Rhyzopertha dominica Sitophilus oryzae India Pheromone traps
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Plant culture > Field crops > Grain. Cereals
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Deposited On:03 Jan 2018 05:39
Last Modified:03 Jan 2018 05:39

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