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Identification of Xanthomonas species causing bacterial leaf spot in Australia

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Roach, R., Mann, R., Gambley, C., Shivas, R. G. and Rodoni, B. (2016) Identification of Xanthomonas species causing bacterial leaf spot in Australia. In: Science Exchange 2016, 25-28 October 2016, Creswick, Victoria.

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Bacterial leaf spot (BLS) is a disease of tomato, chilli and capsicum caused by four species of Xanthomonas. BLS can cause severe crop damage and is a limiting factor of production across the world. The recent taxonomic reclassification of these bacterial species has made it necessary to review the species associated with BLS in Australia. Bacterial isolates associated with disease
symptoms have been collected from fields in major production areas of Australia. This collection was supplemented with isolates from NSW and the Queensland herbarium culture collection. These isolates were identified to species using a variety of techniques, including biochemical tests, PCR, MLSA and comparative genomics. At least four species of BLS causing Xanthomonads have been identified in Australia. Comparative genomic studies of 44 sequenced genomes have shown that there is considerable diversity in these pathogen populations. Pathogen race determination and copper tolerance studies will provide functional information about the behaviour of these species and complement the genetic information available. The impact of these species on production and
the biosecurity measures required to protect the Australian industry from exotic BLS strains will be discussed.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Live Archive:10 Oct 2017 05:55
Last Modified:12 Sep 2022 06:19

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