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Emergence of four weed species in response to rainfall and temperature

Werth, Jeff and Keenan, Michelle and Thornby, David and Bell, Kerry and Walker, Steve (2017) Emergence of four weed species in response to rainfall and temperature. Weed Biology and Management, 17 (1). pp. 29-35. ISSN 1445-6664

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wbm.12113

Abstract

The key to achieving effective weed control is to target them when they are young. Understanding their temperature and moisture requirements for emergence will help growers to develop timely control strategies. This study examined the emergence requirements of four key species: Conyza bonariensis, Sonchus oleraceus, Echinochloa colona and Chloris virgata. Two experiments were conducted in a growth room with temperatures of 25/15 and 30/20°C day/night with a photoperiod of 12 h. The first experiment examined emergence under single rainfall events of 0, 2, 5, 10, 20, 30 and 50 mm. The second experiment examined emergence under accumulated rainfall events of 0 mm, 5 mm × 2 (consecutive) days, 5 mm × 4 days, 5 mm × 6 days, 10 mm × 1 day, 10 mm × 2 days and 10 mm × 3 days. The temperature was not significant on emergence in both experiments. In the first experiment, at least 10 mm of rainfall was required for the emergence of all the species, with significantly higher germination rates at rainfall amounts of >20 mm. In the second experiment, the species had higher emergence rates with accumulated rainfall over consecutive days, rather than single rainfall events of the same amount. The length of time that the soil surface remained above the permanent wilting point, allowing the imbibition of water, was also an important factor. This study has provided information on the drivers for emergence of these species and will assist growers in determining what rainfall events are likely to trigger emergence in the field and make timely weed management decisions.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:rainfall temperature weed emergence
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agriculture and the environment
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural meteorology. Crops and climate
Plant pests and diseases
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Deposited On:08 Aug 2017 03:25
Last Modified:08 Aug 2017 03:25

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