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Towards area wide management of insect vectored viruses of tomatoes in the Bowen district

Campbell, P. R. and Cremer, J. E. and Roach, R. L. and Steele, V. and Subramaniam, S. and Sivasubramaniam, V. and Monsour, C. and Mullins, T. and Persley, D. M. and Gambley, C. F. (2017) Towards area wide management of insect vectored viruses of tomatoes in the Bowen district. Virus Research . ISSN 0168-1702

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2017.06.011

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168170216307912

Abstract

The Bowen region of Northern Queensland is an important winter production area for tomatoes in Australia. There are three economically important viruses in the region that affect tomato, Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) and Potato leafroll virus (PLRV), which are vectored by whiteflies, thrips and aphids, respectively. An area wide management approach is required to lower the primary inoculum throughout the district. To this end, we undertook investigations into the virus incidence and alternative hosts for the virus and vectors in different cropping regions throughout the district, as well as local management options such as insecticide application and possible non-host cover crops for the wet-season break in production. The initial incidence of Potato leafroll virus was very high, most probably due to abnormal weather patterns for the district, and has ceased to be a problem. Tomato yellow leaf curl virus is a continual problem even at the beginning of the season, indicating large reservoir host(s) in the environment. Only four alternative hosts have been identified: Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (TSWV), Solanum americanum (PLRV and TYLCV) Trianthema portulacastrum (TYLCV), and Amaranthus viridis(TLYCV). Different insecticide and application options were trialled for protection against Tomato yellow leaf curl virus, with the best possible option yielding marketable fruit more than ninety percent of a resistant hybrid. A trial of yield vs time of infection of TYLCV found that whitefly exclusion for 6 weeks post-transplant yielded an average increase of nearly three kilograms of marketable fruit per plant. A number of pulse crops have been confirmed as non-hosts of tomato yellow leaf curl for use as cover crops in the wet-season break. Most of the production has moved to dual resistant TYLCV/TSWV hybrids, though an area wide management program still needs to be established to reduce the primary inoculum throughout the district, giving growers more varietal options, especially early in the season.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:management epidemiology insecticide margin analysis cover crop
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Plant culture > Food crops
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Deposited On:27 Jun 2017 05:44
Last Modified:03 Aug 2017 05:00

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