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Two new Australian fungus-feeding thrips in two new Plectrothripini genera (Thysanoptera, Phlaeothripinae)

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Mound, L. A. and Tree, D. J. (2017) Two new Australian fungus-feeding thrips in two new Plectrothripini genera (Thysanoptera, Phlaeothripinae). Zootaxa, 4273 (3). pp. 443-446. ISSN 1175-5334

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4273.3.10

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Two new genera are erected of plectrothripine Phlaeothripidae from northern Australia, each based on a single species. One has a long stout projection ventrally on the second antennal segment, the other has a unique arrangement of the dorsal facets of the compound eyes. In both of them the thoracic ventral sclerites are extensively eroded.
The tribe Plectrothripini is one of the few apparently discrete lineages within the large and complex subfamily Phlaeothripinae (Dang et al. 2014). The species in this Tribe are all fungus-feeders on dead branches, and the group is found in the tropics worldwide. Okajima (1981) provided an extensive, illustrated account of the Plectrothripini, recognising 10 genera and almost 50 species, to which Tyagi et al. (2016) added one further species. Six of these genera remain monotypic, with two genera each comprising five or six species, and Plectrothrips itself with about 30 species. This asymmetry of taxon distribution, with a high proportion of monotypic genera, is due to the presence of certain characters in unusual autapomorphic states. Phylogenetic relationships within the tribe are further confused here through the diagnosis of two new monotypic genera for species from the tropical north of Australia. One of these new species has a bizarre projection ventrally on the second antennal segment (Fig. 5), whilst the other has the structure of the compound eyes unique amongst Phlaeothripidae (Figs 7, 8).
Membership of the Tribe Plectrothripini is fairly clear, with the species sharing most of the following character states as indicated by Okajima (1981): antennae 8-segmented, segment II with the campaniform sensillum on the basal half, III–IV with a variable number of short, stout sense cones, VIII elongate with narrow base. Head with posterior ocelli close to compound eyes. Pronotum commonly with sclerotised plate eroded and reduced; prosternal basantra absent; fore tarsal tooth large; apex of hind tibiae commonly with stout setae. Pelta wide at base, tergite II eroded laterally; sternites often with reticulate glandular areas.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Science > Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects
Live Archive:12 Jun 2017 02:39
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:50

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