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Determining the extent of declining pasture productivity with nitrogen fertiliser

Buck, S. and Johnson,, B. and Lawrence, D. and Peck, G. and Kedzlie, G. and Taylor, B. and O'Connor, R. and O'Reagain, J. and Argent, S. and Emery, T. and Mace, G. (2015) Determining the extent of declining pasture productivity with nitrogen fertiliser. In: 17th Australian Agronomy Conference, 20-24 September 2015, Hobart, Tasmania.

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Publisher URL: http://agronomyaustraliaproceedings.org/images/sampledata/ASA17ConferenceProceedings2015.pdf

Abstract

Declining productivity of sown pastures due to a reduction in plant available soil nitrogen has typically reduced grass and beef production by 50% since initial land development within the Brigalow bioregion of southern and central Queensland. As this decline continues, it’s estimated it will cost the northern beef industry more than $17 billion over the next 30 years. To assist landholders determine the extent of declining pasture productivity on their own properties, and assess the magnitude of response if more nitrogen is made available, nitrogen fertiliser was applied to approximately 70 replicated and non-replicated sites across southern and central Queensland between 2012 and 2014. Nitrogen (N) fertiliser as Green Urea NV® (Incitec Fertilisers) was broadcast onto existing grass-pastures in the lead up to a forecast rainfall event in summer. A range of rates were applied, from 25 – 200 kg N/ha, and dry matter yields and protein levels were measured. At all sites the grass pasture responded to the added nitrogen, with the magnitude of response dependant on the amount of nitrogen applied. As the production from sown pastures continues to decline, options that improve nitrogen supply and address this decline will be required to improve beef production across the northern region.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Northern region, sown pastures, nitrogen immobilisation, dry matter production, fertiliser
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Fertilisers
Deposited On:06 Apr 2017 04:02
Last Modified:20 Apr 2017 06:41

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