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Flight of Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae)—a Spatio-Temporal Analysis With Pheromone Trapping and Population Genetics

Ridley, A. W. and Hereward, J. P. and Daglish, G. J. and Raghu, S. and McCulloch, G. A. and Walter, G. H. (2016) Flight of Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae)—a Spatio-Temporal Analysis With Pheromone Trapping and Population Genetics. Journal of Economic Entomology, 109 (6). pp. 2561-2571.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jee/tow226

Publisher URL: http://jee.oxfordjournals.org/content/jee/early/2016/10/17/jee.tow226.full.pdf

Abstract

The flight of the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (F.), near grain storages and at distances from them, was investigated to assess the potential of these beetles to infest grain and spread insecticide resistance genes. We caught R. dominica in pheromone-baited flight traps (and blank controls) set at storages, in fields away from storages, and in native vegetation across a 12-mo period. A functional set of highly polymorphic microsatellite markers was developed, enabling population genetic analyses on the trapped beetles. Pheromone-baited traps caught just as many R. dominica adults at least 1 km from grain storages as were caught adjacent to grain storages. Samples of beetles caught were genetically homogeneous across the study area (over 7,000 km2) in South Queensland, Australia. However, a change in genetic structure was detected at one bulk storage site. Subsequent analysis detected a heterozygous excess, which indicated a population bottleneck. Only a few beetles were caught during the winter months of June and July. To assess the mating status and potential fecundity of dispersing R. dominica females, we captured beetles as they left grain storages and quantified offspring production and life span in the laboratory. Nearly all (95%) of these dispersing females had mated and these produced an average of 242 offspring. We demonstrated that R. dominica populations in the study area display a high degree of connectivity and this is a result of the active dispersal of mated individuals of high potential fecundity.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Storage
Plant culture > Field crops > Grain. Cereals
Plant pests and diseases
Deposited On:23 Jan 2017 01:52
Last Modified:20 Mar 2017 00:46

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