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Linking chemical and biochemical composition of plant materials to their effects on N2O emissions from a vegetable soil

Rezaei Rashti, M. and Wang, W. J. and Reeves, S. H. and Harper, S. M. and Moody, P. W. and Chen, C. R. (2016) Linking chemical and biochemical composition of plant materials to their effects on N2O emissions from a vegetable soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 103 . pp. 502-511. ISSN 0038-0717

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.09.019

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038071716302796

Abstract

The magnitudes of nitrogen (N) mineralisation and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions after the application of plant materials strongly depend on their quality. Despite the existence of some studies in this field, little is known about the underlying mechanisms and regulating factors of these processes, particularly for vegetable cropping systems. In this study, ten typical vegetable and/or vegetable farming rotation plant materials were finely ground, incorporated into the soil and incubated at 25 °C under fluctuating moisture conditions of 55–85% water-filled pore space (WFPS) without N (-N) or with N (+N) addition (100 mg N kg−1 soil as urea). The applied plant materials were characterised using solid state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and wet-chemical analysis. The dynamics of soil mineral N accumulation and N2O emissions were monitored over 169 days. Under the -N treatment, plant materials with total N (TN) contents ≥ 27 mg g−1 dry matter produced significantly higher cumulative N2O emissions than those with TN contents < 27 mg g−1 in the first 105 days of incubation. However, there was no significant difference in cumulative N2O emissions between these two groups at the end of the experiment due to higher N2O emissions for plant materials with TN contents <27 mg g−1 during the later stage of the incubation. Under the +N treatment, application of plant materials consistently increased the cumulative N2O emissions by the end of the incubation compared with the urea only treatment; although a few plant materials resulted in lower or similar N2O emissions in the initial 2–4 weeks. During the entire incubation, plant materials with high TN contents generally produced higher cumulative N2O emissions than others in the +N treatment. Stepwise regression analysis indicated a significant correlation between cumulative N2O emissions and TN, cellulose, lignin, O-aryl C and carbonyl C contents of the plant materials; TN content was the main regulating factor among all chemical and biochemical indices.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Nitrous oxide Nitrogen fertilisation Plant material Total nitrogen content 13C NMR Decomposition Aerobic and anaerobic conditions
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Soils. Soil science > Soil chemistry
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Soils. Soil science > Soil and crops. Soil-plant relationships. Soil productivity
Plant culture > Vegetables
Deposited On:23 Jan 2017 01:36
Last Modified:23 Jan 2017 01:36

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