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Assessment of a stenophagous weevil, Osphilia tenuipes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), as a potential biological control agent for weedy Bryophyllum spp. (Crassulaceae) in Australia

Palmer, W. A. and Senaratne, K. A. D. W. (2016) Assessment of a stenophagous weevil, Osphilia tenuipes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), as a potential biological control agent for weedy Bryophyllum spp. (Crassulaceae) in Australia. Biological Control, 100 . pp. 101-107. ISSN 1049-9644

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2016.04.012

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1049964416300627

Abstract

Bryophyllum delagoense (Crassulaceae) is a serious weed in Australia and a target for biological control. Following preliminary testing in South Africa, the host range of a Madagascan conderine weevil, Osphilia tenuipes, was determined within a quarantine facility in Queensland, Australia. The primary test consisted of exposing potted plants, selected from an approved host test list, to attack by the weevil in a no-choice design. Tests of oviposition on cut stems and adult preference in a choice design were also undertaken. Osphilia tenuipes used all Bryophyllum spp. found in Australia as hosts and also several other exotic species of Crassulaceae, including Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, Kalanchoe spathulata and Echeveria sp. Native Australian species of Crassulaceae, all Crassula spp., were not attacked, nor were any plant species outside the family Crassulaceae. The preference test showed that the weevil fed on and oviposited in Bryophyllum pinnatum, K. blossfeldiana (two varieties) and Kalanchoe sexangularis in the presence of B. delagoense. The climate matching software CLIMEX was used to develop models that indicated that much of Australia, including southern states, would be climatically suitable for both B. delagoense and O. tenuipes, and that the predicted distribution of both organisms would move southward with climate change. Because the conflicts of interest attributed to the non-target attack are thought to be resolvable, the insect is to be assessed for release under the provisions of Australia’s Biological Control Act.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Bryophyllum Biological control Osphilia tenuipes Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kalanchoe spathulata Echeveria Crassulaceae Non-target attack Biological Control Act
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Biological control
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Deposited On:11 Jan 2017 04:38
Last Modified:11 Jan 2017 04:38

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