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Protein feeding of Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni and cucumber fly Zeugodacus cucumis (Diptera: Tephritidae) on non-host vegetation: effect of plant species and bait height

Senior, Lara J and Wright, Carole L and Missenden, Brendan and DeFaveri, Stefano (2016) Protein feeding of Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni and cucumber fly Zeugodacus cucumis (Diptera: Tephritidae) on non-host vegetation: effect of plant species and bait height. Austral Entomology . ISSN 2052174X

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aen.12231

Abstract

Perimeter-baiting of non-crop vegetation using toxic protein baits was developed overseas as a technique for control of melon fly, Zeugodacus (Zeugodacus) cucurbitae (Coquillett) (formerly Bactrocera (Zeugodacus) cucurbitae), and evidence suggests that this technique may also be effective in Australia for control of local fruit fly species in vegetable crops. Using field cage trials and laboratory reared flies, primary data were generated to support this approach by testing fruit flies' feeding response to protein when applied to eight plant species (forage sorghum, grain sorghum, sweet corn, sugarcane, eggplant, cassava, lilly pilly and orange jessamine) and applied at three heights (1, 1.5 and 2 m). When compared across the plants, Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), most commonly fed on protein bait applied to sugarcane and cassava, whereas more cucumber fly, Zeugodacus (Austrodacus) cucumis (French) (formerly Bactrocera (Austrodacus) cucumis), fed on bait applied to sweet corn and forage sorghum. When protein bait was applied at different heights, B. tryoni responded most to bait placed in the upper part of the plants (2 m), whereas Z. cucumis preferred bait placed lower on the plants (1 and 1.5 m). These results have implications for optimal placement of protein bait for best practice control of fruit flies in vegetable crops and suggest that the two species exhibit different foraging behaviours.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:crop borders foraging behaviour fruit fly management protein baiting
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Plant culture > Field crops > Corn. Maize
Plant culture > Field crops > Sorghum
Plant culture > Field crops > Sugar plants
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Deposited On:08 Aug 2016 01:26
Last Modified:08 Aug 2016 01:31

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