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Comparison of growth traits between abundant and uncommon forms of a non-native vine, Dolichandra unguis-cati (Bignoniaceae) in Australia

Buru, Joshua C. and Dhileepan, Kunjithapatham and Osunkoya, Olusegun O. and Firn, Jennifer (2016) Comparison of growth traits between abundant and uncommon forms of a non-native vine, Dolichandra unguis-cati (Bignoniaceae) in Australia. NeoBiota, 30 . pp. 91-109. ISSN 1619-0033

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.30.8495

Abstract

Cat’s claw creeper vine, Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) Lohmann (syn. Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) Gentry) (Bignoniaceae), is a major environmental weed in Australia. Two distinct forms of this weed (‘long’ and ‘short’ pod), with differences in leaf morphology and fruit size, occur in Australia. The long pod form has only been reported in less than fifteen localities in the whole of south-east Queensland, while the short pod form is widely distributed in Queensland and New South Wales. This study sought to compare growth traits such as specific leaf area, relative growth rate, stem length, shoot/root ratio, tuber biomass and branching architecture between these forms. These traits were monitored under glasshouse conditions over a period of 18 months. Short pod exhibited higher values of relative growth rates, stem length, number of tubers and specific leaf area than long pod, but only after 10 months of plant growth. Prior to this, long and short pod did not differ significantly. Higher values for these traits have been described as characteristics of successful colonizers. Results from this study could partly explain why the short pod form is more widely distributed in Australia while long pod is confined to a few localities.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Cat’s claw creeper, invasive species, competitiveness, relative growth rate, successful colonizers, traits, biomass, tubers
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Impact assessment
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Deposited On:07 Jul 2016 04:38
Last Modified:07 Jul 2016 04:38

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