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Developmental biology and prey preference of Diomus notescens Blackburn (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): A predator of Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Hopkinson, Jamie E. and Kramer, Stephanie M. and Zalucki, Myron P. (2016) Developmental biology and prey preference of Diomus notescens Blackburn (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): A predator of Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Biological Control, 96 . pp. 101-107. ISSN 10499644

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2016.02.006

Abstract

The minute two-spotted ladybeetle, Diomus notescens Blackburn is a common predator of aphids and other pests in Australian agricultural crops, however little is known about the biology of D. notescens. The aim of this study was to provide information on the life cycle of this predator and improve our understanding of its biological control potential, particularly against one of the major pests of cotton, Aphis gossypii Glover. In laboratory experiments, juvenile development, prey consumption, as well as adult lifespan and fecundity were studied. Results from this study revealed that D. notescens could successfully complete development on A. gossypii, which at 25 °C required 21 days and during this period they each consume 129 ± 5.2 aphids. At 25 °C adult lifespan was 77 ± 9.6 days, with a mean daily prey consumption of 28 ± 1.8 aphids and a mean daily fecundity of 8 ± 0.5 eggs. Net reproductive rate was estimated as 187 ± 25.1 females and the intrinsic rate of increase was estimated as 0.14. Juvenile development was recorded at four constant temperatures (15, 21, 26 and 27 °C) and using a linear model, the lower threshold for D. notescens development was estimated to be 10 ± 0.6 °C with 285 ± 4.7 degree days required to complete development. A prey choice experiment studying predation rates revealed a strong preference for A. gossypii nymphs compared to Bemisia tabaci Gennadius eggs.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Biological control Cotton aphid Development Predation Degree-days Minute two-spotted ladybeetle Silverleaf whitefly
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Biological control
Science > Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects
Deposited On:21 Mar 2016 02:45
Last Modified:21 Mar 2016 02:45

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