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Impact of 1-methylcyclopropene treatment on the sensory quality of 'Bartlett' pear fruit

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Escribano, S., Lopez, A., Sivertsen, H., Biasi, W. V., Macnish, A. J. and Mitcham, E. J. (2016) Impact of 1-methylcyclopropene treatment on the sensory quality of 'Bartlett' pear fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 111 . pp. 305-313. ISSN 09255214 (ISSN)

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.09.01...


The ethylene biosynthesis inhibitor, 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), has been commercially used to extend the storage life of European pear fruit and to allow shipment to distant markets. However, the influence of 1-MCP on the ability of fruit to ripen to an acceptable sensory quality has not been investigated in 'Bartlett' pear, one of the most aromatic of pear fruit. In the current study, early-, mid- and late-season 'Bartlett' pear fruit were treated with 0.6μLL-1 1-MCP at 0°C for 24h, 100μLL-1 ethylene at 20°C for 24h, or untreated before immediate transfer to 20°C for ripening until eating soft (13N firmness). Fruit from each treatment were subjected to objective and sensory quality evaluation once ripe. Sensory quality showed differences related to harvest maturity; the importance of harvest maturity depended on the treatment. Treatment with 1-MCP effectively slowed fruit ripening and therefore extended postharvest life, but also resulted in fully ripened pears with more desirable sensory traits, as compared with ethylene-treated and untreated pears. The enhanced sensory quality was related to higher sweetness, juiciness and pear aroma and reduced fermented aroma, gritty texture and tart taste. In addition, the sensory profiles of 1-MCP-treated pears were more stable among fruit from the three harvest dates than the ethylene-treated pears, which exhibited very different sensory profiles between early- and late-season fruits. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:1-Methylcyclopropene Ethylene Firmness Flavor Harvest maturity Pear
Live Archive:09 Feb 2016 03:01
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:50

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