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Characterization of maize growing environments in eastern and southern Africa using the APSIM model

Seyoum, Solomon and Chauhan, Yashvir and Rachaputi, Rao C. N. and Solomon, Fekybelu and Boddupalli, Prasanna (2015) Characterization of maize growing environments in eastern and southern Africa using the APSIM model. In: 17th Australian Agronomy Conference, Hobart, Tasmania.

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Article Link(s): http://www.agronomy2015.com.au/papers/agronomy2015...

Abstract

Maize grown in eastern and southern Africa experiences random occurrences of drought. This uncertainty creates difficulty in developing superior varieties and their agronomy. Characterisation of drought types and their frequencies could help in better defining selection environments for improving resistance to drought. We used the well tested APSIM maize model to characterise major drought stress patterns and their frequencies across six countries of the region including Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. The database thus generated covered 35 sites, 17 to 86 years of daily climate records, 3 varieties and 3 planting densities from a total of 11,174 simulations. The analysis identified four major drought environment types including those characterised by low-stress which occurred in 42% of the years, mid-season drought occurring in 15% of the years, late-terminal stress which occurred in 22% of the years and early-terminal drought occurring in 21% of the years. These frequencies varied in relation to sites, genotypes and management. The simulations showed that early terminal stress could result in a yield reduction of 70% compared with low-stress environmental types. The study presents the importance of environmental characterization in contributing to maize improvement in eastern and southern Africa.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Plant culture > Field crops > Corn. Maize
Deposited On:02 Feb 2016 05:09
Last Modified:02 Feb 2016 05:09

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