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Evaluation of a multiplex PCR to identify and serotypeActinobacillus pleuropneumoniaeserovars 1, 5, 7, 12 and 15

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Turni, C., Singh, R., Schembri, M.A. and Blackall, P.J. (2014) Evaluation of a multiplex PCR to identify and serotypeActinobacillus pleuropneumoniaeserovars 1, 5, 7, 12 and 15. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 59 (4). pp. 362-369. ISSN 02668254

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lam.12287


The aim of this study was to validate a multiplex PCR for the species identification and serotyping of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovars 1, 5, 7, 12 and 15. All 15 reference strains and 411 field isolates (394 from Australia, 11 from Indonesia, five from Mexico and one from New Zealand) of A. pleuropneumoniae were tested with the multiplex PCR. The specificity of this multiplex PCR was validated on 26 non-A. pleuropneumoniae species. The multiplex PCR gave the expected results with all 15 serovar reference strains and agreed with conventional serotyping for all field isolates from serovars 1 (n = 46), 5 (n = 81), 7 (n = 80), 12 (n = 16) and serovar 15 (n = 117). In addition, a species-specific product was amplified in the multiplex PCR with all 411 A. pleuropneumoniae field isolates. Of 25 nontypeable field isolates only two did not yield a serovar-specific band in the multiplex PCR. This multiplex PCR for serovars 1, 5, 7, 12 and 15 is species specific and capable of serotyping isolates from diverse locations.

Significance and Impact of the Study

A multiplex PCR that can recognize serovars 1, 5, 7, 12 and 15 of A. pleuropneumoniae was developed and validated. This novel diagnostic tool will enable frontline laboratories to provide key information (the serovar) to guide targeted prevention and control programmes for porcine pleuropneumonia, a serious economic disease of pigs. The previous technology, traditional serotyping, is typically provided by specialized reference laboratories, limiting the capacity to respond to this key disease.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae identification multiplex PCR serotyping validation
Subjects:Animal culture > Swine
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary microbiology
Live Archive:28 Jul 2015 00:16
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:50

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