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Efficacy of acibenzolar-S-methyl (Bion®) treatment of Australian commercial passionfruit, Passiflora edulis f. sp. flavicarpa, on resistance to Passionfruit woodiness virus (PWV) and activities of chitinase & β-1,3-glucanase

Parkinson, L. E. and Crew, K. S. and Thomas, J. E. and Dann, E. K. (2015) Efficacy of acibenzolar-S-methyl (Bion®) treatment of Australian commercial passionfruit, Passiflora edulis f. sp. flavicarpa, on resistance to Passionfruit woodiness virus (PWV) and activities of chitinase & β-1,3-glucanase. Australasian Plant Pathology, 44 (3). pp. 311-318.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13313-015-0349-4

Abstract

This greenhouse study investigated the efficacy of acibenzolar-S-methyl (Bion®) treatment of lower leaves of passionfruit, (Passiflora edulis f. sp. flavicarpa), on Passionfruit woodiness disease and activities of two pathogenesis-related proteins, chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase after inoculation with passionfruit woodiness virus (PWV). All Bion® concentrations reduced disease symptoms, but the concentration of 0.025 g active ingredient (a.i.)/l was the most effective, reducing disease severity in systemic leaves by 23, 29 and 30 compared with water-treated controls at 30, 40 and 50 days post inoculation (dpi) with PWV, respectively. Correspondingly, relative virus concentration as determined by DAS-ELISA in the upper, untreated leaves (new growth) above the site of inoculation at 50 dpi was reduced by 17 and 22 in plants treated with 0.025 and 0.05 g a.i./l, respectively. Bion® treatment and subsequent inoculation with PWV increased chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase activities in the new leaves above the site of inoculation at 30 dpi with PWV. It was concluded that optimal protective Bion® treatment concentrations were 0.025 and 0.05 g a.i./l.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Systemic acquired resistance SAR PR proteins ASM Granadilla Virus resistance
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Deposited On:13 Jul 2015 02:32
Last Modified:13 Jul 2015 02:32

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