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Legume pastures can reduce N2O emissions intensity in subtropical cereal cropping systems

De Antoni Migliorati, Massimiliano and Bell, Michael and Grace, Peter R. and Scheer, Clemens and Rowlings, David W. and Liu, Shen (2015) Legume pastures can reduce N2O emissions intensity in subtropical cereal cropping systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 204 . pp. 27-39. ISSN 01678809

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.02.007

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880915000547

Abstract

Alternative sources of N are required to bolster subtropical cereal production without increasing N2O emissions from these agro-ecosystems. The reintroduction of legumes in cereal cropping systems is a possible strategy to reduce synthetic N inputs but elevated N2O losses have sometimes been observed after the incorporation of legume residues. However, the magnitude of these losses is highly dependent on local conditions and very little data are available for subtropical regions. The aim of this study was to assess whether, under subtropical conditions, the N mineralised from legume residues can substantially decrease the synthetic N input required by the subsequent cereal crop and reduce overall N2O emissions during the cereal cropping phase. Using a fully automated measuring system, N2O emissions were monitored in a cereal crop (sorghum) following a legume pasture and compared to the same crop in rotation with a grass pasture. Each crop rotation included a nil and a fertilised treatment to assess the N availability of the residues. The incorporation of legumes provided enough readily available N to effectively support crop development but the low labile C left by these residues is likely to have limited denitrification and therefore N2O emissions. As a result, N2O emissions intensities (kgN2O-N yield-1ha-1) were considerably lower in the legume histories than in the grass. Overall, these findings indicate that the C supplied by the crop residue can be more important than the soil NO3 - content in stimulating denitrification and that introducing a legume pasture in a subtropical cereal cropping system is a sustainable practice from both environmental and agronomic perspectives.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Automated greenhouse gas measuring system Cereal cropping system Legume pasture N fertiliser management Nitrous oxide emissions agricultural ecosystem agricultural emission automation cereal crop production legume nitrous oxide subtropical region
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural meteorology. Crops and climate
Plant culture > Field crops > Forage crops. Feed crops
Deposited On:17 Mar 2015 23:57
Last Modified:17 Mar 2015 23:57

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