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Increasing the productivity of avocado orchards using high-density plantings: A review

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Menzel, C. M. and Le Lagadec, M.D. (2014) Increasing the productivity of avocado orchards using high-density plantings: A review. Scientia Horticulturae, 177 . p. 21. ISSN 03044238

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2014.07.013


There is strong interest in the use of high-density plantings to increase the productivity of avocado (Persea americana) orchards. Close plantings have the potential for higher yields and returns than standard or traditional plantings, especially in the early years of production. The success of this technology is dependent on the use of methods to control shoot growth and maximise light interception as the trees begin to bear fruit. We reviewed the performance of high-density orchards in different environments, and the success of efforts to control the growth of the trees through the use of dwarfing material, canopy management and growth regulators. Close plantings generally produce higher yields in the first few years of bearing compared with the yields of standard plantings. However, in most growing areas, the trees in the close plantings soon begin to crowd each other and yields decline. This usually occurs despite efforts to control shoot growth by pruning the trees or by applying growth regulators. Efforts to breed dwarfing rootstocks that can control the growth of mature trees have been largely unsuccessful. In the absence of dwarfing material, effective canopy management appears to be the largest barrier to success of high-density orchards. Further research on the use of different pruning strategies and growth regulators to control the growth of the trees and maximise light interception is required. There are potential problems with some of the growth regulators persisting in the harvested fruit and soil under certain circumstances.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Canopy management; Cultivar; Growth regulators; Orchard design; Pruning; Rootstocks
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Live Archive:04 Feb 2015 04:44
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:50

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