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Immediate, cumulative and residual effects of short- and long-term low plane of nutrition on milk protein and casein composition

Cowley, F. C. and Barber, D. G. and Anstis, A. R. and Houlihan, A. and Poppi, D. P. (2014) Immediate, cumulative and residual effects of short- and long-term low plane of nutrition on milk protein and casein composition. Animal Production Science, 54 (9). pp. 1374-1380.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AN14299

Publisher URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/AN14299

Abstract

Immediate and residual effects of two lengths of low plane of nutrition (PON) on the synthesis of milk protein and protein fractions were studied at the Mutdapilly Research Station, in south-east Queensland. Thirty-six multiparous Holstein-Friesian cows, between 46 and 102 days in milk (DIM) initially, were used in a completely randomised design experiment with three treatments. All cows were fed on a basal diet of ryegrass pasture (7.0 kg DM/cow.day), barley-sorghum concentrate mix (2.7 kg DM/cow.day) and a canola meal-mineral mix (1.3 kg DM/cow.day). To increase PON, 5.0 kg DM/cow.day supplemental maize and forage sorghum silage was added to the basal diet. The three treatments were (C) high PON (basal diet + supplemental silage); (L9) low PON (basal diet only) for a period of 9 weeks; and (L3) low PON (basal diet only) for a period of 3 weeks. The experiment comprised three periods (1) covariate – high PON, all groups (5 weeks), (2) period of low PON for either 3 weeks (L3) or 9 weeks (L9), and (3) period of high PON (all groups) to assess ability of cows to recover any production lost as a result of treatments (5 weeks). The low PON treatment periods for L3 and L9 were end-aligned so that all treatment groups began Period 3 together. Although there was a significant effect of L9 on yields of milk, protein, fat and lactose, and concentrations of true protein, whey protein and urea, these were not significantly different from L3. There were no residual effects of L3 or L9 on protein concentration or nitrogen distribution after 5 weeks of realimentation. There was no significant effect of low PON for 3 or 9 weeks on casein concentration or composition.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:pasture, silage, underfeeding, urea, whey protein.
Subjects:Animal culture > Cattle > Dairying
Animal culture > Feeds and feeding. Animal nutrition
Deposited On:21 Jan 2015 04:07
Last Modified:03 Feb 2015 01:56

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