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Phenotyping novel stay-green traits to capture genetic variation in senescence dynamics

Christopher, John T. and Veyradier, Mathieu and Borrell, Andrew K. and Harvey, Greg and Fletcher, Susan and Chenu, Karine (2014) Phenotyping novel stay-green traits to capture genetic variation in senescence dynamics. Functional Plant Biology, 41 (11). pp. 1035-1048.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP14052

Publisher URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/FP14052

Abstract

Stay-green plants retain green leaves longer after anthesis and can have improved yield, particularly under water limitation. As senescence is a dynamic process, genotypes with different senescence patterns may exhibit similar final normalised difference vegetative index (NDVI). By monitoring NDVI from as early as awn emergence to maturity, we demonstrate that analysing senescence dynamics improves insight into genotypic stay-green variation. A senescence evaluation tool was developed to fit a logistic function to NDVI data and used to analyse data from three environments for a wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) population whose lines contrast for stay-green. Key stay-green traits were estimated including, maximum NDVI, senescence rate and a trait integrating NDVI variation after anthesis, as well as the timing from anthesis to onset, midpoint and conclusion of senescence. The integrative trait and the timing to onset and mid-senescence exhibited high positive correlations with yield and a high heritability in the three studied environments. Senescence rate was correlated with yield in some environments, whereas maximum NDVI was associated with yield in a drought-stressed environment. Where resources preclude frequent measurements, we found that NDVI measurements may be restricted to the period of rapid senescence, but caution is required when dealing with lines of different phenology. In contrast, regular monitoring during the whole period after flowering allows the estimation of senescence dynamics traits that may be reliably compared across genotypes and environments. We anticipate that selection for stay-green traits will enhance genetic progress towards high-yielding, stay-green germplasm.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:drought, leaf senescence, , wheat.
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Field crops > Wheat
Deposited On:21 Jan 2015 05:15
Last Modified:21 Jan 2015 05:15

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