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Optimizing Hill Seeding Density for High-Yielding Hybrid Rice in a Single Rice Cropping System in South China

Wang, Danying and Chen, Song and Wang, Zaiman and Ji, Chenglin and Xu, Chunmei and Zhang, Xiufu and Chauhan, Bhagirath Singh (2014) Optimizing Hill Seeding Density for High-Yielding Hybrid Rice in a Single Rice Cropping System in South China. PloS one, 9 (10). e109417. ISSN 1932-6203

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0109417

Abstract

Mechanical hill direct seeding of hybrid rice could be the way to solve the problems of high seeding rates and uneven plant establishment now faced in direct seeded rice; however, it is not clear what the optimum hill seeding density should be for high-yielding hybrid rice in the single-season rice production system. Experiments were conducted in 2010 and 2011 to determine the effects of hill seeding density (25 cm 615 cm, 25 cm 617 cm, 25 cm 619 cm, 25 cm 621 cm, and 25 cm 623 cm; three to five seeds per hill) on plant growth and grain yield of a hybrid variety, Nei2you6, in two fields
with different fertility (soil fertility 1 and 2). In addition, in 2012 and 2013, comparisons among mechanical hill seeding,
broadcasting, and transplanting were conducted with three hybrid varieties to evaluate the optimum seeding density. With
increases in seeding spacing from 25 cm615 cm to 25 cm623 cm, productive tillers per hill increased by 34.2% and 50.0%
in soil fertility 1 and 2. Panicles per m2 declined with increases in seeding spacing in soil fertility 1. In soil fertility 2, no
difference in panicles per m2 was found at spacing ranging from 25 cm617 cm to 25 cm623 cm, while decreases in the
area of the top three leaves and aboveground dry weight per shoot at flowering were observed. Grain yield was the
maximum at 25 cm 617 cm spacing in both soil fertility fields. Our results suggest that a seeding density of 25 cm617 cm was suitable for high-yielding hybrid rice. These results were verified through on-farm demonstration experiments, in which mechanical hill-seeded rice at this density had equal or higher grain yield than transplanted rice

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Plant culture > Seeds. Seed technology
Plant culture > Field crops > Rice
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Deposited On:21 Jan 2015 06:06
Last Modified:03 Aug 2015 03:09

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