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Re-thinking mango disease management in Australia; the rationale and approach

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Akem, C. N., MacManus, G., Lakhesar, D., Boccalatte, P. and Stockdale, K. (2013) Re-thinking mango disease management in Australia; the rationale and approach. In: Acta Horticulturae. International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), Leuven, Belgium. ISBN 0567-7572978-90-66054-38-7

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Article Link: http://www.actahort.org/books/992/992_46.htm


The shelf life of mangoes is limited by two main postharvest diseases when not consistently managed. These are anthracnose ( Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) and stem end rots (SER) ( Fusicoccum parvum). The management of these diseases has often relied mainly on the use of fungicides either as field spray treatments or as postharvest dips. These have done a fairly good job at serving the industry and allowing fruits to be transported, stored and sold at markets distant from the areas of production. There are however concerns on the continuous use of these fungicides as the main or only tool for the management of these diseases. This has necessitated a re-think of how these diseases could be sustainably managed into the future using a systems approach that focuses on integrated crop management. It is a holistic approach that considers all the crop protection management strategies including the genetics of the plant and its ability to naturally defend itself from infection with plant activators and growth regulators. It also considers other cultural or agronomic management tools such as the use of crop nutrition, timely application of irrigation water and the pruning of trees on a regular basis as a means of reducing inoculum levels in the orchards. The ultimate aim of this approach is to increase yields and obtain long term sustainable production. It is guided by the sustainable crop production principle which states that producers should apply as little inputs as possible but as much as needed.

Item Type:Book Section
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Additional Information:IX International Mango Symposium, Sanya, Hainan Island, China.
Keywords:FF003Horticultural Crops (NEW March 2000) FF060Plant Physiology and Biochemistry FF100Plant Production FF610Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Diseases of Plants (NEW March 2000) HH405Pesticides and Drugs: Control (NEW March 2000) QQ050Crop Produce QQ110Food Storage and Preservation QQ111Storage Problems and Pests of Food QQ500Food Composition and Quality chemical control crop quality crop yield decay fungi fruits fungal diseases fungicides mangoes plant disease control plant diseases plant pathogenic fungi plant pathogens postharvest decay reducing sugars storage storage life sugar content sustainability Australia Botryosphaeria parva fungi Glomerella cingulata Mangifera indica APEC countries Australasia Oceania Commonwealth of Nations Developed Countries OECD Countries Botryosphaeria Botryosphaeriaceae Botryosphaeriales Dothideomycetes Pezizomycotina Ascomycota fungi fungus eukaryotes Glomerella Glomerellaceae Sordariomycetes Mangifera Anacardiaceae Sapindales dicotyledons angiosperms Spermatophyta plants
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Plant pests and diseases
Live Archive:09 Oct 2014 00:24
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:49

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