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The growth and productivity of ‘Festival’ strawberry plants growing in a subtropical environment

Menzel, Christopher M. and Smith, Lindsay (2014) The growth and productivity of ‘Festival’ strawberry plants growing in a subtropical environment. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 42 (1). pp. 60-75. ISSN 0114-0671

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01140671.2013.850439

Abstract

Experiments were conducted over 5 years to understand the seasonal phenology of bare-rooted ?Festival? strawberry plants (Fragaria ?ananassa) growing at Nambour in southeastern Queensland, Australia. Yields ranged from 661 to 966 g/plant, and average seasonal fruit fresh weight ranged from 15 to 18 g. The growth of the leaves, crowns, roots, flowers and fruit over time followed a linear or sigmoid pattern. Maximum values of leaf, crown and root dry weight towards the end of the growing season about 190 days after planting were 30, 15 and 7 g/plant, respectively. The rates of leaf and crown growth were lower than those achieved in California under a Mediterranean climate. There were strong relationships between the allocation of dry matter to the leaves, crowns and roots and plant dry weight. Allocation to the leaves, and especially to the crowns and roots, declined as the plants grew. The number of fruit/plant increased initially over time with a decline later in the season. Average fruit fresh weight was generally higher early in the season and then declined as fruit production increased. There were strong relationships between the growth of the whole plant and the growth of the flowers and immature fruit, and leaf expansion, across the growing season and across the 5 different years. These results indicate that seasonal growth and potential productivity were strongly linked to the expansion of the leaves in this environment.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Berries and small fruits
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Deposited On:21 Aug 2014 06:49
Last Modified:04 Feb 2015 04:26

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