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Control by glyphosate and its alternatives of glyphosate-susceptible and glyphosate-resistant Echinochloa colona in the fallow phase of crop rotations in subtropical Australia

Widderick, Michael J. and Bell, Kerry L. and Boucher, Luke R. and Walker, Steven R. (2013) Control by glyphosate and its alternatives of glyphosate-susceptible and glyphosate-resistant Echinochloa colona in the fallow phase of crop rotations in subtropical Australia. Weed Biology and Management . ISSN 1445-6664

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wbm.12014

Abstract

Echinochloa colona is the most common grass weed of summer fallows in the grain-cropping systems of the subtropical region of Australia. Glyphosate is the most commonly used herbicide for summer grass control in fallows in this region. The world's first population of glyphosate-resistant E. colona was confirmed in Australia in 2007 and, since then, >70 populations have been confirmed to be resistant in the subtropical region. The efficacy of alternative herbicides on glyphosate-susceptible populations was evaluated in three field experiments and on both glyphosate-susceptible and glyphosate-resistant populations in two pot experiments. The treatments were knockdown and pre-emergence herbicides that were applied as a single application (alone or in a mixture) or as part of a sequential application to weeds at different growth stages. Glyphosate at 720 g ai ha−1 provided good control of small glyphosate-susceptible plants (pre- to early tillering), but was not always effective on larger susceptible plants. Paraquat was effective and the most reliable when applied at 500 g ai ha−1 on small plants, irrespective of the glyphosate resistance status. The sequential application of glyphosate followed by paraquat provided 96–100% control across all experiments, irrespective of the growth stage, and the addition of metolachlor and metolachlor + atrazine to glyphosate or paraquat significantly reduced subsequent emergence. Herbicide treatments have been identified that provide excellent control of small E. colona plants, irrespective of their glyphosate resistance status. These tactics of knockdown herbicides, sequential applications and pre-emergence herbicides should be incorporated into an integrated weed management strategy in order to greatly improve E. colona control, reduce seed production by the sprayed survivors and to minimize the risk of the further development of glyphosate resistance.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:double knock Echinochloa colona glyphosate herbicide resistance paraquat
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Effect of herbicides
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Deposited On:21 Aug 2014 01:17
Last Modified:08 Aug 2017 14:57

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