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More fertile florets and grains per spike can be achieved at higher temperature in wheat lines with high spike biomass and sugar content at booting

Dreccer, M. Fernanda and Wockner, Kimberley B. and Palta, Jairo A. and McIntyre, C. Lynne and Borgognone, M. Gabriela and Bourgault, Maryse and Reynolds, Matthew and Miralles, Daniel J. (2014) More fertile florets and grains per spike can be achieved at higher temperature in wheat lines with high spike biomass and sugar content at booting. Functional Plant Biology, 41 (5). pp. 482-495. ISSN 1445-4408; 1445-4416

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/fp13232

Abstract

An understanding of processes regulating wheat floret and grain number at higher temperatures is required to better exploit genetic variation. In this study we tested the hypothesis that at higher temperatures, a reduction in floret fertility is associated with a decrease in soluble sugars and this response is exacerbated in genotypes low in water soluble carbohydrates (WSC). Four recombinant inbred lines contrasting for stem WSC were grown at 20/10 degrees C and 11 h photoperiod until terminal spikelet, and then continued in a factorial combination of 20/10 degrees C or 28/14 degrees C with 11 h or 16 h photoperiod until anthesis. Across environments, High WSC lines had more grains per spike associated with more florets per spike. The number of fertile florets was associated with spike biomass at booting and, by extension, with glucose amount, both higher in High WSC lines. At booting, High WSC lines had higher fixed C-13 and higher levels of expression of genes involved in photosynthesis and sucrose transport and lower in sucrose degradation compared with Low WSC lines. At higher temperature, the intrinsic rate of floret development rate before booting was slower in High WSC lines. Grain set declined with the intrinsic rate of floret development before booting, with an advantage for High WSC lines at 28/14 degrees C and 16 h. Genotypic and environmental action on floret fertility and grain set was summarised in a model.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Plant culture > Field crops > Wheat
Science > Biology > Genetics
Deposited On:01 Jul 2014 06:15
Last Modified:01 Jul 2014 06:15

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