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Phosphine resistance in Sitophilus oryzae (L.) from eastern Australia: Inheritance, fitness and prevalence

Daglish, G. J. and Nayak, M. K. and Pavic, H. (2014) Phosphine resistance in Sitophilus oryzae (L.) from eastern Australia: Inheritance, fitness and prevalence. Journal of Stored Products Research . ISSN 0022474X

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2014.03.007

Abstract

The inheritance and fitness of phosphine resistance was investigated in an Australian strain of the rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (L.), as well as its prevalence in eastern Australia. This type of knowledge may provide insights in to the development of phosphine resistance in this species with the potential for better management. This strain was 12.2 × resistant at the LC50 level based on results for adults exposed for 20 h. Data from the testing of F1 adults from the reciprocal crosses (R♀ × S♂ and S♀ × R♂) showed that resistance was autosomal and inherited as an incompletely recessive trait with a degree of dominance of -0.88. The dose-response data for the F1 × S and F1 × R test crosses, and the F2 progeny were compared with predicted dose-response assuming monogenic recessive inheritance, and the results were consistent with resistance being conferred by one major gene. There was no evidence of fitness cost based on the frequency of susceptible phenotypes in hybridized populations that were reared for seven generations without exposure to phosphine. Lack of fitness cost suggests that resistant alleles will tend to persist in field populations that have undergone selection even if selection pressure is removed. Discriminating dose tests on 107 population samples collected from farms from 2006 to 2010 show that populations containing insects with the weak resistant phenotype are common in eastern Australia, although the frequency of resistant phenotypes within samples was typically low. The prevalence of resistance is a warning that this species has been subject to considerable selection pressure and that effective resistance management practices are needed to address this problem. Crown Copyright © 2014.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Additional Information:Correspondence Address: Daglish, G.J.; Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Queensland, Ecosciences Precinct, GPO Box 267, Bremail: greg.daglish@daff.qld.gov.au
Keywords:Fitness Fumigation Inheritance Resistance screening Stored grain pests
Subjects:Plant culture > Field crops > Rice
Plant pests and diseases
Deposited On:03 Jul 2014 02:11
Last Modified:03 Jul 2014 02:16

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