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Effect of monensin inclusion in supplements for cattle consuming low quality tropical forage

McLennan, S. R. and Callaghan, M. J. and Swain, A. J. and Kidd, J. F. (2012) Effect of monensin inclusion in supplements for cattle consuming low quality tropical forage. Animal Production Science, 52 (6-7). pp. 624-629. ISSN 1836-0939

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/an11273

Abstract

A pen feeding study was carried out over 70 days to determine the effects of monensin (M) inclusion in two commercial supplements designed to provide different planes of nutrition to recently weaned steers. Thirty Bos indicus crossbred steers (191.4 +/- s.d. 7.1 kg) were individually fed a low quality pangola grass hay (57 g crude protein/kg DM; 497 g/kg DM digestibility) ad libitum (Control) with either a urea/molasses-based supplement of Rumevite Maxi-graze 60 Block (B), fed at 100 g/day, or grain-based Rumevite Weaner Pellets (WP), fed at 7.5 g/kg liveweight (W).day, both with and without M, viz. B, B+M, WP and WP+M, respectively. There were no significant interactions between supplement type and M inclusion for any measurement. Growth rates (main effects) averaged 0.17, 0.35 and 0.58 kg/day for the Control, B and WP supplements, respectively, with all means different (P < 0.05), while the response (P < 0.05) to M across supplement type was 0.11 kg/day. Hay DM intake was similar for the Control and B treatments (18.6 and 19.6 g/kg W.day) but was reduced (P < 0.05) with the WP supplement (16.8 g/kg W.day) while corresponding total DM intakes increased from 18.6 to 20.0 to 23.5 g/kg W.day (all differences P < 0.05), respectively. Monensin inclusion in the supplements did not affect supplement, hay or total DM intake. Inclusion of of M in supplements for grazing weaners in northern Australia may increase survival rates although the effect of M with cattle at liveweight maintenance or below requires further investigation.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Additional Information:McLennan, S. R. Callaghan, M. J. Swain, A. J. Kidd, J. F.
Subjects:Animal culture > Cattle
Animal culture > Feeds and feeding. Animal nutrition
Deposited On:25 Feb 2014 06:31
Last Modified:25 Feb 2014 06:31

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