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Confirmed case of encephalitis caused by Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection in a horse

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Gordon, A. N., Marbach, C. R., Oakey, J., Edmunds, G., Condon, K., Diviney, S. M., Williams, D. T. and Bingham, J. (2012) Confirmed case of encephalitis caused by Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection in a horse. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 24 (2). pp. 431-436. ISSN 1040-6387

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1040638711433325


A 5-year-old Australian stock horse in Monto, Queensland, Australia, developed neurological signs and was euthanized after a 6-day course of illness. Histological examination of the brain and spinal cord revealed moderate to severe subacute, nonsuppurative encephalomyelitis. Sections of spinal cord stained positively in immunohistochemistry with a flavivirus-specific monoclonal antibody. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay targeting the envelope gene of flavivirus yielded positive results from brain, spinal cord, cerebrospinal fluid, and facial nerve. A flavivirus was isolated from the cerebrum and spinal cord. Nucleotide sequences obtained from amplicons from both tissues and virus isolated in cell culture were compared with those in GenBank and had 96-98% identity with Murray Valley encephalitis virus. The partial envelope gene sequence of the viral isolate clustered into genotype 1 and was most closely related to a previous Queensland isolate.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science, Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:Gordon, Anita N. Marbach, Cameron R. Oakey, Jane Edmunds, Glen Condon, Kelly Diviney, Sinead M. Williams, David T. Bingham, John
Subjects:Animal culture > Horses
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary virology
Live Archive:09 Apr 2014 22:40
Last Modified:10 Jul 2023 01:17

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