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Stochastic model for simulating maize yield

Detomini, E. R. and Neto, D. D. and Frizzone, J. A. and Doherty, A. and Meinke, H. and Reichardt, K. and Dias, C. T. S. and Figueiredo, M. G. (2012) Stochastic model for simulating maize yield. Transactions of the ASABE .

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.13031/2013.41498

Abstract

Maize is one of the most important crops in the world. The products generated from this crop are largely used in the starch industry, the animal and human nutrition sector, and biomass energy production and refineries. For these reasons, there is much interest in figuring the potential grain yield of maize genotypes in relation to the environment in which they will be grown, as the productivity directly affects agribusiness or farm profitability. Questions like these can be investigated with ecophysiological crop models, which can be organized according to different philosophies and structures. The main objective of this work is to conceptualize a stochastic model for predicting maize grain yield and productivity under different conditions of water supply while considering the uncertainties of daily climate data. Therefore, one focus is to explain the model construction in detail, and the other is to present some results in light of the philosophy adopted. A deterministic model was built as the basis for the stochastic model. The former performed well in terms of the curve shape of the above-ground dry matter over time as well as the grain yield under full and moderate water deficit conditions. Through the use of a triangular distribution for the harvest index and a bivariate normal distribution of the averaged daily solar radiation and air temperature, the stochastic model satisfactorily simulated grain productivity, i.e., it was found that 10,604 kg ha(-1) is the most likely grain productivity, very similar to the productivity simulated by the deterministic model and for the real conditions based on a field experiment. © 2012 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Plant culture > Field crops > Corn. Maize
Science > Statistics > Simulation modelling
Deposited On:10 Apr 2014 00:48
Last Modified:10 Apr 2014 00:48

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