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Diploid and tetraploid progenitors of wheat are valuable sources of resistance to the root lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei

Sheedy, J. G. and Thompson, J. P. and Kelly, A. (2012) Diploid and tetraploid progenitors of wheat are valuable sources of resistance to the root lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei. Euphytica, 186 (2). pp. 377-391. ISSN 0014-2336

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-011-0617-5

Publisher URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10681-011-0617-5

Abstract

The root lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei is widely distributed in Australian wheat (Triticum aestivum) producing regions and can reduce yield by more than 50%, costing the industry AU$50 M/year. Genetic resistance is the most effective form of management but no commercial cultivars are resistant (R) and the best parental lines are only moderately R. The wild relatives of wheat have evolved in P. thornei-infested soil for millennia and may have superior levels of resistance that can be transferred to commercial wheats. To evaluate this hypothesis, a collection of 251 accessions of wheat and related species was tested for resistance to P. thornei under controlled conditions in glasshouse pot experiments over two consecutive years. Diploid accessions were more R than tetraploid accessions which proved more R than hexaploid accessions. Of the diploid accessions, 11 (52%) Aegilops speltoides (S-[B]-genome), 10 (43%) Triticum monococcum (A (m) -genome) and 5 (24%) Triticum urartu (A (u) -genome) accessions were R. One tetraploid accession (Triticum dicoccoides) was R. This establishes for the first time that P. thornei resistance is located on the A-genome and confirms resistance on the B-genome. Since previous research has shown that the moderate levels of P. thornei resistance in hexaploid wheat are dose-dependent, additive and located on the B and D-genomes, it would seem efficient to target A-genome resistance for introduction to hexaploid lines through direct crossing, using durum wheat as a bridging species and/or through the development of amphiploids. This would allow resistances from each genome to be combined to generate a higher level of resistance than is currently available in hexaploid wheat.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Aegilops speltoides Triticum dicoccoides Triticum monococcum Triticum urartu Pratylenchus thornei Root-lesion nematode Wheat
Subjects:Plant culture > Field crops > Wheat
Plant pests and diseases
Deposited On:17 Sep 2013 02:00
Last Modified:08 Aug 2017 14:49

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