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Inheritance and relative dominance, expressed as toxicity response and delayed development, of phosphine resistance in immature stages of Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae)

Kaur, R. and Schlipalius, D. I. and Collins, P. J. and Swain, A. J. and Ebert, P. R. (2012) Inheritance and relative dominance, expressed as toxicity response and delayed development, of phosphine resistance in immature stages of Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 51 . pp. 74-80. ISSN 0022474X (ISSN)

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2012.08.002

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022474X12000616

Abstract

Fumigation of stored grain with phosphine (PH 3) is used widely to control the lesser grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica. However, development of high level resistance to phosphine in this species threatens control. Effective resistance management relies on knowledge of the expression of resistance in relation to dosage at all life stages. Therefore, we determined the mode of inheritance of phosphine resistance and strength of the resistance phenotype at each developmental stage. We achieved this by comparing mortality and developmental delay between a strongly resistant strain (R-strain), a susceptible strain (S-strain) and their F 1 progenies. Resistance was a maternally inherited, semi-dominant trait in the egg stage but was inherited as an autosomal, incompletely recessive trait in larvae and pupae. The rank order of developmental tolerance in both the sensitive and resistant strains was eggs > pupae > larvae. Comparison of published values for the response of adult R. dominica relative to our results from immature stages reveals that the adult stage of the S-strain is more sensitive to phosphine than are larvae. This situation is reversed in the R-strain as the adult stage is much more resistant to phosphine than even the most tolerant immature stage. Phosphine resistance factors at LC 50 were eggs 400×, larvae 87× and pupae 181× with respect to reference susceptible strain (S-strain) adults indicating that tolerance conferred by a particular immature stage neither strongly nor reliably interacts with the genetic resistance element. Developmental delay relative to unfumigated control insects was observed in 93% of resistant pupae, 86% of resistant larvae and 41% of resistant eggs. Increased delay in development and the toxicity response to phosphine exposure were both incompletely recessive. We show that resistance to phosphine has pleiotropic effects and that the expression of these effects varies with genotype and throughout the life history of the insect. © 2012.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Fumigation Phosphine resistance Tribolium castaneum Bostrichidae Coleoptera Hexapoda Rhyzopertha dominica Tribolium (beetle)
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Plant culture > Field crops > Grain. Cereals
Science > Entomology
Deposited On:17 Sep 2013 04:13
Last Modified:08 Aug 2017 14:47

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