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Evaluating the performance of weed containment programmes

Panetta, Dane F. (2012) Evaluating the performance of weed containment programmes. Diversity and Distributions, 18 (10). pp. 1024-1032. ISSN 13669516 (ISSN)

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2012.00932.x

Abstract

Aim: To develop approaches to the evaluation of programmes whose strategic objectives are to halt or slow weed spread. Location: Australia. Methods: Key aspects in the evaluation of weed containment programmes are considered. These include the relevance of models that predict the effects of management intervention on spread, the detection of spread, evidence for containment failure and metrics for absolute or partial containment. Case studies documenting either near-absolute (Orobanche ramosa L., branched broomrape) or partial (Parthenium hysterophorus (L.) King and Robinson, parthenium) containment are presented. Results: While useful for informing containment strategies, predictive models cannot be employed in containment programme evaluation owing to the highly stochastic nature of realized weed spread. The quality of observations is critical to the timely detection of weed spread. Effectiveness of surveillance and monitoring activities will be improved by utilizing information on habitat suitability and identification of sites from which spread could most compromise containment. Proof of containment failure may be difficult to obtain. The default option of assuming that a new detection represents containment failure could lead to an underestimate of containment success, the magnitude of which will depend on how often this assumption is made. Main conclusions: Evaluation of weed containment programmes will be relatively straightforward if containment is either absolute or near-absolute and may be based on total containment area and direct measures of containment failure, for example, levels of dispersal, establishment and reproduction beyond (but proximal to) the containment line. Where containment is only partial, other measures of containment effectiveness will be required. These may include changes in the rates of detection of new infestations following the institution of interventions designed to reduce dispersal, the degree of compliance with such interventions, and the effectiveness of tactics intended to reduce fecundity or other demographic drivers of spread. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Biological invasions Detection Dispersal Eradication Monitoring Pathway Weed invasion biological invasion containment demographic survey fecundity habitat management performance assessment stochasticity weed Australia Orobanche Parthenium Parthenium hysterophorus Phelipanche ramosa
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Deposited On:29 Oct 2013 23:22
Last Modified:07 Jun 2015 15:09

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