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Significant features of the epidemiology of equine influenza in Queensland, Australia, 2007.

Kung, N. and Mackenzie, S. and Pitt, D. and Robinson, B. and Perkins, N.R. (2011) Significant features of the epidemiology of equine influenza in Queensland, Australia, 2007. Australian Veterinary Journal, 89 (s1). pp. 78-85.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.2011.00781.x

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com

Abstract

An outbreak of equine influenza (EI) caused by influenza A H3N8 subtype virus occurred in the Australian states of Queensland and New South Wales in August 2007. Infection in the Australian horse population was associated with the introduction of infection by horses from overseas. The first case of EI in Queensland was detected on 25 August 2007 at an equestrian sporting event. Infection subsequently spread locally and to other clusters through horse movements prior to the implementation of an official standstill. There were five main clusters of infected properties during this outbreak and several outliers, which were investigated to find the potential mechanism of disease spread. To contain the outbreak, Queensland was divided into infection status zones, with different movement controls applied to each zone. Vaccination was implemented strategically in infected areas and within horse subpopulations. Control and eventual eradication of EI from Queensland was achieved through a combination of quarantine, biosecurity measures, movement control, rapid diagnostic testing and vaccination.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Employment, Economic Development & Innovations (DEEDI), Biosecurity Queensland
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:© 2011 Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI). © 2011 Australian Veterinary Association.
Keywords:Animal diseases; control; diagnosis; epidemiology; equine influenza viruses; infections; influenza; influenza A; outbreaks; properties; quarantine; vaccination; viral diseases; viruses; horses; influenzavirus A. biosecurity; New South Wales; Queensland.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals
Veterinary medicine
Deposited On:21 Feb 2012 07:16
Last Modified:21 Feb 2012 07:16

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