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Estimating the duration and cost of weed eradication programmes

Panetta, F.D. and Cacho, O.J. and Hester, S.M. and Sims-Chilton, N.M. (2011) Estimating the duration and cost of weed eradication programmes. In: Island invasives : eradication and management : proceedings of the International Conference on Island Invasives. IUCN and The Centre for Biodiversity and Biosecurity, Gland, Switzerland and Auckland, New Zealand, pp. 472-476.

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Publisher URL: http://www.iucn.org/
Publisher URL: http://www.cbb.org.nz/
Article URL: http://www.issg.org/publications.htm#iucn_publications
Organisation URL: http://www.deedi.qld.gov.au

Abstract

Two prerequisites for realistically embarking upon an eradication programme are that cost-benefit analysis favours this strategy over other management options and that sufficient resources are available to carry the programme through to completion. These are not independent criteria, but it is our view that too little attention has been paid to estimating the investment required to complete weed eradication programmes. We deal with this problem by using a two-pronged approach: 1) developing a stochastic dynamic model that provides an estimation of programme duration; and 2) estimating the inputs required to delimit a weed incursion and to prevent weed reproduction over a sufficiently long period to allow extirpation of all infestations. The model is built upon relationships that capture the time-related detection of new infested areas, rates of progression of infestations from the active to the monitoring stage, rates of reversion of infestations from the monitoring to active stage, and the frequency distribution of time since last detection for all infestations. This approach is applied to the branched broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) eradication programme currently underway in South Australia. This programme commenced in 1999 and currently 7450 ha are known to be infested with the weed. To date none of the infestations have been eradicated. Given recent (2008) levels of investment and current eradication methods, model predictions are that it would take, on average, an additional 73 years to eradicate this weed at an average additional cost (NPV) of $AU67.9m. When the model was run for circumstances in 2003 and 2006, the average programme duration and total cost (NPV) were predicted to be 159 and 94 years, and $AU91.3m and $AU72.3m, respectively. The reduction in estimated programme length and cost may represent progress towards the eradication objective, although eradication of this species still remains a long term prospect.

Item Type:Book Section
Corporate Creators:Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI), Biosecurity Queensland, University of New England
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:© IUCN.
Keywords:Branched broomrape; eradication feasibility; Orobanche ramosa; stochastic dynamic model.
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Eradication and containment
Science > Statistics > Simulation modelling
Science > Invasive Species > Modelling > Plant
Deposited On:07 Feb 2012 07:23
Last Modified:07 Feb 2012 07:23

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