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Evaluating the efficacy of the EZ-Ject herbicide system in Queensland, Australia

Vitelli, J.S. and Madigan, B.A. (2011) Evaluating the efficacy of the EZ-Ject herbicide system in Queensland, Australia. The Rangeland Journal, 33 (3). pp. 299-305.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RJ11038

Organisation URL: http://deedi.qld.gov.au
Publisher URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au/home.htm
Publisher URL: http://www.austrangesoc.com.au/site

Abstract

The EZ-Ject herbicide system was evaluated as a stem injection method for controlling woody weeds in a range of situations where traditional chemical application methods have limited scope. The equipment was trialled on three Queensland weed species; pond apple (Annona glabra), velvety tree pear (Opuntia tomentosa) and yellow oleander (Cascabela thevetia); at five different cartridge densities (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4) and with two herbicides (glyphosate and imazapyr).

Cartridges filled with imazapyr were significantly more effective at controlling the three woody weed species than those filled with glyphosate. Injecting plants with three imazapyr cartridges resulted in plant kills ranging from 93 to 100%, compared with glyphosate kills of 17 to 100%. Pond apple was the most susceptible species, requiring one imazapyr cartridge or two glyphosate cartridges to kill 97 and 92% of the treated plants. Plant mortality increased as the number of cartridges injected increased. Mortality did not differ significantly for treatments receiving three and four imazapyr cartridges, as these cartridge densities met the criterion of injecting one cartridge per 10-cm basal circumference, a criterion recommended by the manufacturers for treating large plants (>6.35 cm in diameter at breast height).

The cost of treating a weed infestation of 1500 plants ha–1 with three cartridges per tree is $1070 ha–1, with labour costs accounting for 16% of the total. The high chemical costs would preclude this technique from broad-scale use, but the method could have application for treating woody weeds in sensitive, high conservation areas.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI), Biosecurity Queensland
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:© Australian Rangeland Society.
Keywords:Chemical control; cost benefit analysis; equipment; glyphosate; herbicides; imazapyr; labour costs; methodology; mortality; weed control; weeds; stem injection; woody weed control.
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Effect of herbicides
Deposited On:15 Nov 2011 07:05
Last Modified:12 Dec 2011 06:19

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