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Parasitoids of the painted apple moth Teia anartoides Walker (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in Australia.

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Gerard, P.J., Charles, J.G., McNeill, M.R., Hardwick, S., Malipatil, M.B. and Page, F.D. (2011) Parasitoids of the painted apple moth Teia anartoides Walker (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in Australia. Australian Journal of Entomology, 50 (3). pp. 281-289.

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-6055.2011.00808.x

Publisher URL: http://www.wiley.com


Painted apple moth Teia anartoides Walker (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), a native to Australia, was discovered in Auckland, New Zealand in late 1999 and eradicated by 2006. It was recognised in 2002 that biological control would be the most effective long-term control strategy if eradication was unsuccessful, and a search was initiated for potential biocontrol agents in Australia. In 2003, autumn and spring surveys were undertaken in Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia of the guild of parasitoid natural enemies of T. anartoides. Eggs, larvae and pupae were collected and held to rear out any parasitoids. In addition, localised searches were made in Queensland in late 2003 early 2004 and laboratory-reared juvenile stages of T. anartoides were released for recapture in both Victoria and Queensland. Acacia dealbata Link (Fabales: Fabaceae) was the main plant from which T. anartoides was recovered, followed by apple. Most T. anartoides samples were collected from Victoria and Tasmania. Eighteen species from 13 genera of egg, larval and pupal parasitoids were reared and included Diptera (Tachinidae) and Hymenoptera (Braconidae, Encyrtidae, Eulophidae and Ichneumonidae). Of the seven Hymenopteran genera recovered from the larval stage, the most common in Victoria and Tasmania was a previously unidentified larval parasitoid Cotesia Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) sp. Echthromorpha intricatoria (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) was the dominant pupal parasitoid. The survey showed that the parasitoid complex associated with T anartoides is structurally very similar to that on other pest Lymantriidae in the northern hemisphere such as gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Meteorus pulchricornis (Wesmael) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) was recorded for the first time in Australia.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Additional Information:© 2011 Australian Entomological Society
Keywords:Braconidae; Cotesia sp.; Ichneumonidae; Meteorus pulchricornis; Tachinidae; biological-control agent; gypsy-moth; bacillus-thuringiensis; eastern Australia; New Zealand; hymenoptera; Braconidae; complex; populations.
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases
Science > Biology
Live Archive:24 Nov 2011 06:29
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:49

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