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Weed management strategies for farming systems with herbicide tolerant cotton.

Werth, Jeff and Thornby, David (2011) Weed management strategies for farming systems with herbicide tolerant cotton. Project Report. Cotton CRC.

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Article Link(s): http://hdl.handle.net/1/4060

Abstract

The introduction of glyphosate tolerant cotton has significantly improved the flexibility and management of a number of problem weeds in cotton systems. However, reliance on glyphosate poses risks to the industry in term of glyphosate resistance and species shift. The aims of this project were to identify these risks, and determine strategies to prevent and mitigate the potential for resistance evolution. Field surveys identified fleabane as the most common weed now in both irrigated and dryland system. Sowthistle has also increased in prevalence, and bladder ketmia and peachvine remained common. The continued reliance on glyphosate has favoured small seeded, and glyphosate tolerant species. Fleabane is both of these, with populations confirmed resistant in grains systems in Queensland and NSW. When species were assessed for their resistance risk, fleabane, liverseed grass, feathertop Rhodes grass, sowthistle and barnyard grass were determined to have high risk ratings. Management practices were also determined to rely heavily on glyphosate and therefore be high risk in summer fallows, and dryland glyphosate tolerant and conventional cotton. Situations were these high risk species are present in high risk cropping phases need particular attention. The confirmation of a glyphosate resistance barnyard grass population in a dryland glyphosate tolerant cotton system means resistance is now a reality for the cotton industry. However, experiments have shown that resistant populations can be managed with other herbicide options currently available. However, the options for fleabane management in cotton are still limited. Although some selective residual herbicides are showing promise, the majority of fleabane control tactics can only be used in other phases of the cotton rotation. An online glyphosate resistance tool has been developed. This tool allows growers to assess their individual glyphosate resistance risks, and how they can adjust their practices to reduce their risks. It also provides researchers with current information on weed species present and practices used across the industry. This tool will be extremely useful in tailoring future research and extension efforts. Simulations from the expanded glyphosate resistance model have shown that glyphosate resistance can be prevented and managed in glyphosate-tolerant cotton farming systems. However, for strategies to be successful, some effort is required. Simulations have shown the importance of controlling survivors of glyphosate applications, using effective glyphosate alternatives in fallows, and combining several effective glyphosate alternatives in crop, and these are the key to the prevention and management of glyphosate resistance.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Final report ; Bt transgenic cotton glyphosate tolerant weed management resistance risks management strategies Sowthistle irrigated systems dryland crop rotation fleabane bladder ketmia peachvine liverseed grass feathertop Rhodes grass Best Management Practice (BMP) summer winter barnyard grass integrated weed management herbicide models farming systems glyphosate resistance extension and adoption extension activities online decision tools software IDO's Technical Specialists
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General)
Plant culture > Field crops
Plant culture > Field crops > Textile and fibre plants
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Deposited On:08 Nov 2011 01:06
Last Modified:15 Feb 2016 07:12

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