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Integrated Cotton Farming Systems for Central Queensland

Sequeira, Richard and Grundy, Paul (2008) Integrated Cotton Farming Systems for Central Queensland. Project Report. CSIRO Plant Industry.

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Article Link(s): http://www.insidecotton.com/xmlui/handle/1/3946

Publisher URL: http://www.insidecotton.com/jspui/bitstream/1/3946/1/CRC88%20Final%20Report.pdf

Abstract

This project has delivered outcomes that address major agronomic and crop protection issues closely linked to the profitability and sustainability of cotton production enterprises in CQ. From an agronomic perspective, the CQ environment was always though to support economically viable cotton production in a wide sowing window from the middle of September to early January prior to this research. The ideal positioning of Bollgard II varieties in the CQ planting window was, therefore, critical to the future of the local cotton industry because growers needed baseline information to determine how best to take advantage of the higher yield potential offered by the Bt cotton technology, optimise irrigation water use and fibre characteristics. The project’s outputs include a number of key agronomic findings. Over three growing seasons, Bollgard II crop planted in the traditional sowing window from the middle of September to the end of October consistently produced the highest yields. The project delivers a clear and quantitative assessment of the impacts of planting outside the traditional cropping window - a yield penalty of between 1-4 bales/ha for November and December planted cotton. Whilst yield penalties associated with December-planted crops are clearly linked to declining heat units in the second half of the crop and a cool finish, those associated with November-planted cotton are not consistent with the theoretical yield potential for this sowing date. Further research to understand and minimize the physiological constraints on November-planted cotton would give CQ cotton growers far greater flexibility to develop mixed/double/rotation cropping farming systems that are relevant to the rapidly evolving nature of Agricultural production in Australia. The equivalence of cultivar types with clearly distinguishable, genetically based growth habits, demonstrated in this project, gives growers important information for making varietal choices. The entomological outcomes of this project represent strategic and tactical tools that are highly relevant to the viability and profitability of the cotton industry in Australia. The future of the cotton industry is inextricably linked to the survival and efficacy of GM cotton. Research done in the Callide irrigation area demonstrates the unquestionable potential for development of alternative and highly effective resistance management strategies for Bollgard II using novel technologies and strategies based on products such as Magnet®. Magnet® and similar technologies will be increasingly important in strategies to preserve the shelf life and efficacy of current and future generations of GM technology. However, more research will be required to address logistical and operational issues related to these new technologies before they can be fully exploited in commercial production systems. From an economic perspective, SLW is the sleeping giant in terms of insect nemeses of cotton, particularly from the standpoint of climate change and an increasingly warmer production environment. An effective sampling and management strategy for SLW which has been delivered by this project will go a long way towards minimising production costs in an environment characterised by rapidly rising input costs. SLW has the potential to permanently debilitate the national cotton industry by influencing market sentiment and quality perceptions. Field validation of the SLW population sampling models and management options in the Dawson irrigation area cotton and southern Queensland during 2006-07 documents the robustness of the entomological research outcomes achieved through this project.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Final report ; entomological research agronomic decisions crop protection profitability sustainability Bollgard® II irrigation systems fibre quality fibre charactoristics planting dates varietal choices entomological outcomes climatic conditions crop rotation profitability yield lint viability physiological constraints IPM SLW threat economic cost industry threat Magnet® extension and adoption of research
Subjects:Plant culture > Irrigation farming
Plant culture > Field crops > Textile and fibre plants
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Deposited On:10 Nov 2011 05:31
Last Modified:21 Nov 2016 03:45

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