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Bivalves for the remediation of prawn farm effluent: identification of some potentially useful species in Southern Queensland

Palmer, P.J. and Rutherford, B.W. (2005) Bivalves for the remediation of prawn farm effluent: identification of some potentially useful species in Southern Queensland. In: Project Report QO04018. Wastewater remediation options for prawn farms. Aquaculture Industry Development Initiative 2002-04. Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, pp. 50-74.

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Abstract

Several species of oysters, clams and mussels are currently being used around the world to create extra profits and help remediate waste-waters from mariculture operations. To identify opportunities and potentially suitable species of bivalves for remediation of prawn farm effluent in Australia, recent literature dealing with bivalve filtration is reviewed, and species occurring naturally in a banana prawn, Penaeus (Fenneropenaeus) merguiensis, grow-out pond and effluent streams at the Bribie Island Aquaculture Research Centre (BIARC) were collected, identified and assessed in terms of their tolerance of high silt loadings over 3 months. Three bivalve species predominated in the BIARC case study. These were the mud ark, Anadara trapezia, the rock oyster, Dendostrea folium, and the pearl shell, Pinctada maculata. The mud ark demonstrated the highest tolerance of silt loading (99% survival), followed by pearl shells and rock oysters (88 and 63% survival respectively).

Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:© The State of Queensland
Keywords:Prawn pond effluent; bivalves; silt tolerance; remediation; wastewater.
Subjects:Aquaculture and Fisheries > Aquaculture > Mariculture
Science > Science (General)
Deposited On:04 Aug 2011 05:30
Last Modified:01 Apr 2019 03:35

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