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Bivalves for the remediation of prawn farm effluent: identification of some potentially useful species in Southern Queensland

Palmer, P.J. and Rutherford, B.W. (2005) Bivalves for the remediation of prawn farm effluent: identification of some potentially useful species in Southern Queensland. In: Project Report QO04018. Wastewater remediation options for prawn farms. Aquaculture Industry Development Initiative 2002-04. Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, pp. 50-74.


Article URL: http://era.deedi.qld.gov.au/2080/


Several species of oysters, clams and mussels are currently being used around the world to create extra profits and help remediate waste-waters from mariculture operations. To identify opportunities and potentially suitable species of bivalves for remediation of prawn farm effluent in Australia, recent literature dealing with bivalve filtration is reviewed, and species occurring naturally in a banana prawn, Penaeus (Fenneropenaeus) merguiensis, grow-out pond and effluent streams at the Bribie Island Aquaculture Research Centre (BIARC) were collected, identified and assessed in terms of their tolerance of high silt loadings over 3 months. Three bivalve species predominated in the BIARC case study. These were the mud ark, Anadara trapezia, the rock oyster, Dendostrea folium, and the pearl shell, Pinctada maculata. The mud ark demonstrated the highest tolerance of silt loading (99% survival), followed by pearl shells and rock oysters (88 and 63% survival respectively).

Item Type:Book Section
Corporate Creators:Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI), DPI&F, Agri-Science, Fisheries and Aquaculture
Business groups:Agri-Science, Fisheries and Aquaculture
Additional Information:© The State of Queensland (Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation). © The State of Queensland, Department of Primary Industries 2005. Copyright protects this publication. Except for purposes permitted by the Copyright Act 1968, reproduction by whatever means is prohibited without prior written permission of the Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation. Enquiries should be directed to Commercialisation Unit: http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/77.htm . Email: SAFTRSCopyright@deedi.qld.gov.au . Phone: the Business Information Centre on 13 25 23 (Queensland residents) or +61 7 3404 6999. Published electronically August 2011.
Keywords:Prawn pond effluent; bivalves; silt tolerance; remediation; wastewater.
Subjects:Aquaculture and Fisheries > Aquaculture > Mariculture
Science > Science (General)
Deposited On:04 Aug 2011 05:30
Last Modified:08 Jun 2015 15:57

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