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Growing banana prawns, Penaeus merguiensis (de Man) in prawn farm settlement ponds to utilise and help remove waste nutrients.

Palmer, P.J., Erler, D., Burke, M.J., Lobegeiger, R., Morrison, C., Bell, G. and Knibb, W. (2005) Growing banana prawns, Penaeus merguiensis (de Man) in prawn farm settlement ponds to utilise and help remove waste nutrients. In: Wastewater remediation options for prawn farms - Aquaculture Industry Development Initiative 2002-04. Project Report QO04018. . Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries.



To assess their utility for profitable wastewater bioremediation, banana prawns, Penaeus (Fenneropenaeus) merguiensis (de Man), were stocked at low densities (1 – 5 m-2) and grown without supplemental feeding in five commercial-prawn-farm settlement ponds (0.3 to 6.0 ha). The prawns free-ranged in the variously designed ponds for 160 to 212 days after stocking as PL15. Survival estimates ranged from 12% to 60% with production of 50 – 528 kg ha-1. Over 1150 kg of marketable product was produced in the study. Exceptional growth was monitored at one farm where prawns reached an average size of 17g in 80 days. Nutrients in water flowing into (8 - 40 ML d-1) and out of the settlement pond at that farm were assessed twice weekly along with routine water quality measurements. Only small differences in water qualities were detected between waters running into and out of this settlement pond. Total nitrogen levels gradually increased from 1 - 1.5 mg L-1 early in the season to over 3 mg L-1 towards the end of the season. Total phosphorus levels similarly rose from 0.1 - 0.2 mg L-1 to 0.3 - 0.4 mg L-1 in the middle of the season, but fell to 0.2 – 0.3 mg L-1 towards the end when approximately 12,000 prawns were harvested with a total weight of 175 kg. No significant differences (P > 0.05) were detected in the overall acceptability of prawns harvested from each of the 5 settlement ponds in small-scale consumer sensory analyses. The prawns from settlement ponds were rated similarly to banana prawns grown with commercial diets at two other establishments. Microbiological analyses of prawns from all farms showed bacterial levels to be well within food-grade standards and lower than prawns produced in a normal growout pond. These results demonstrate that high quality food grade banana prawns can be produced in these wastewater treatment systems.

Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:© The State of Queensland
Keywords:Banana prawns; settlement ponds; bioremediation; prawn farm; wastewater; nutrients.
Subjects:Aquaculture and Fisheries > Aquaculture > Mariculture
Science > Science (General)
Live Archive:04 Aug 2011 05:26
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:43

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