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Nutritional constraints on displacement of Fusarium pseudograminearum from cereal straw by antagonists.

Lakhesar, D.P.S. and Backhouse, D. and Kristiansen, P. (2010) Nutritional constraints on displacement of Fusarium pseudograminearum from cereal straw by antagonists. Biological Control, 55 (3). pp. 241-247.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2010.09.002

Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com

Abstract

Displacement of the fungus Fusarium pseudograminearum from stubble by antagonists is a potential means of biocontrol of crown rot in cereals. The role of carbon and nitrogen nutrition in interactions between the pathogen and the antagonists Fusarium equiseti, Fusarium nygamai, Trichoderma harzianum and the non-antagonistic straw fungus Alternaria infectoria was investigated. Sole carbon source utilization patterns on Biolog plates were similar among the three Fusarium species, suggesting a possible role for competition. However, carbon niche overlap was unlikely to be important in antagonism by T. harzianum. Straw medium supplemented with sugars generally reduced the inhibitory effect of antagonists on growth of F. pseudograminearum in dual culture, indicating that availability of simple carbon sources does not limit antagonism. Adding nitrogen as urea, nitrate or ammonium to straw medium had little effect on antagonism by F. equiseti and F. nygamai, but ammonium addition removed the inhibitory effect of T. harzianum on growth of F. pseudograminearum. Displacement of F. pseudograminearum from straw by all fungi in a Petri dish assay was greater when urea or nitrate was used as a nitrogen source than with ammonium. All forms of nitrogen significantly increased displacement of F. pseudograminearum from straw under simulated field conditions when straws were either inoculated with T. harzianum or exposed to resident soil microbes. However, in 2 out of 3 experiments urea and nitrate were more effective than ammonium. The results suggest that availability of nitrogen, but not carbon, is limiting the activities of antagonists of F. pseudograminearum in straw, and the way nitrogen is applied can influence the rate of displacement and mortality of the pathogen in host residues.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:DEEDI
Additional Information:© Elsevier Inc.
Keywords:Fusarium; Trichoderma; cereal straw; antagonism; nitrogen; source utilization profiles; wheat straw; inoculum production; biological control; Gibberella zeae; nitrogen; suppression; maize.
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection > Organic plant protection. Biological control
Plant culture > Field crops > Grain. Cereals
Deposited On:01 Mar 2011 02:25
Last Modified:30 Mar 2011 22:21

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