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Accelerated drying of plantation grown Eucalyptus cloeziana and Eucalyptus pellita sawn timber

Redman, A. and McGavin, R. L. (2010) Accelerated drying of plantation grown Eucalyptus cloeziana and Eucalyptus pellita sawn timber. Forest Products Journal, 60 (4). pp. 339-345.

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The objective of this study was to gain an understanding for drying sawn timber produced from fast-grown, well-managed Queensland hardwood plantations using accelerated drying methods. Due to limited resources, this was a preliminary study and further work will be required to optimize schedules for industrial implementation. Three conventional kiln trials, including two for 38-mm-thick, 19-year-old plantation Gympie messmate (Eucalyptus cloeziana F. Muell.) and one for 25mm thick, 15-year-old plantation red mahogany (Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell.), and two vacuum kiln drying trials, one each for 38- and 25mm thick Gympie messmate, were conducted. Measurements of final cross-sectional moisture content, moisture content gradient, residual drying stress, and internal and surface checking were used to quantify dried quality. Drying schedules were chosen based on either existing published schedules or, in the case of the vacuum drying trials, existing schedules for species with similar wood density and dying degrade properties, or manipulated schedules based on the results of trials conducted during this study. The findings indicate that both species can be dried using conventional drying techniques with acceptable grade quality in approximately 75 percent of the drying time that industry is currently achieving when drying native forest timber of the same species. The vacuum drying time was 60 percent less than conventional drying for 38-mm-thick, 19-year-old Gympie messmate, although drying quality needs improving. The findings have shown that through careful schedule manipulation and adjustment, the grade quality can be optimized to suit the desired expectation. Additional research is required to further optimize the schedules to ensure acceptable grade qualities can be reliably achieved across all drying criteria and exploit opportunities to reduce drying times further.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Additional Information:© Forest Products Society.
Keywords:Drying; sawn timber; Eucalyptus pellita; Eucalyptus cloeziana.
Subjects:Forestry > Exploitation and utilization
Live Archive:14 Mar 2011 07:57
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:43

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